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Menachem Mendel Krochmal
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Menahem Mendel ben Abraham Krochmal (c. 1600-1661) was a Moravian rabbi born in Cracow. His teacher in the Talmud was Joel Sirkes, author of Bayis Chadash. Krochmal soon distinguished himself so highly that with the permission of his master he was able to open a yeshiva, which sent forth scholars like Gershon Ashkenazi (afterward his son-in-law), and Mendel Auerbach, author of Ateres Zekeinim. The Jews of Cracow, in appreciation of his learning, made Krochmal dayan.

About 1636 Krochmal left his native city and went to Moravia. He was appointed rabbi of Kremsir, where he also founded a yeshivah. In 1645 he returned to Cracow; in the following year he became rabbi of Prossnitz; and in 1650 he accepted a call to the district rabbinate of Nikolsburg. He died in Nikolsburg on January 2, 1661.

Krochmal's son Aryeh Leib, who followed him in the rabbinate at Nikolsburg, published from his father's manuscripts the collection of responsa Tzemach Tzedek (Amsterdam, 1775).

[] Jewish Encyclopedia bibliography

* Landshuth, Ammudei ha-'Avodah, p. 187;
* Horodetzky, in Ha-Goren, ii.32;
* Dembitzer, Kelilat Yofi, ii.143b;
* Frankl-Grün, Gesch. der Juden in Kremsier, i.89;
* Kaufmann Gedenkbuch, p. 373
* This article incorporates text from the 1901–1906 Jewish Encyclopedia, a publication now in the public domain.

Subject: Re: Menachem Mendel KROCHMAL, Tzemach Tzedek
On 2008.08.14, David Dubin inquired:

> Would anyone know of a genealogy of Rabbi Menachem Mendel KROCHMAL,
> author of Tzemach Tzedek? [...]

A fair amount about descendants of R'M M KROCHMAL can be found in
the "Klilas Yofey" by Dembitzer. One line (my wife's ancestors) goes
as follows.

R' MMK had a daughter, Gitel

Gitel wed R' Gershon ASHKENAZI a very prominent Gaon, the "Avodas

R' G A had a daughter (name?) who married R' Moshe POLITZ

R' M P had a son, R' Gershon POLITZ, Rav in Nikolsburg, d. 1777

R' G P had a daughter who married R' Yitzchok Cohen RAPPAPORT, Rav
in Leipnik

R' Y K had a son Binyoin Ze'ev Hacohen RAPPAPORT, "Simlas Binyomin,"
Rav in Pupa (1783 - 1837)

Leslie Reich, Manchester

Not to be confused with Nachman Krochmal or with

Menachem Mendel Schneersohn (1789-09-09 - 1866-03-17 OS) also known as the Tzemach Tzedek was an Orthodox rabbi and the third Rebbe (spiritual leader) of the Chabad Lubavitch chasidic movement.