Harkabi, Avraham Eliyahu
Researcher & writer
Student of Rabbi Eliezer Isak Fried and Hanaziv. Born in 5600 Heshvan
22nd (30.10.1839), in Novogrudok (Minsk region). He made important
researches in Israel ancient literature. He was educated in Volozhin.
Among his books he wrote: "Memories to the first and to the last ones"
and "The Jews and the Slavic languages". Died in 5679 Adar 2nd
(15.3.1919) in Petersburg.
Well known historian, Oriental studies expert, Avraham (Albert)
Yakovlevich Harkavy was born in 1835 in Novogrudok (in Belarussian -
Navagrudak). He studied rabbinical literature in Ivna, Navagrudak and
in the great Volozhin (in Belarussian - Valozhin) Yeshiva. In 1858
Harkavy received a general education in the rabbinic school. Five
years later he entered the Oriental faculty of the St-Petersburg
University. In 1868 Harkavy left Russia. He was in Paris and Berlin.
In the autumn of 1870, he returned to Russia and received a chair of
the Oriental history in the St-Petersburg University. In 1872 Avraham
Harkavy - doctor of the Oriental history. Later, he was dismissed from
the University because of his Jewish nationality. Since 1877 Harkavy
was a head of Jewish and Oriental manuscripts department in the
Imperial Public library.
Avraham Harkavy published since 1861 (in magazines "Hakarmel",
"Hamelitz" and "Rassvet"). In 1864 "Hakarmel" began to publish his
"Issledovaniya po istorii evreev v Rossii" ("The researches in the
history of Russian Jewry"). Avraham Harkavy is the author of 400
The main topics of Harkavy interest were - the history of khazars,
polish, Lithuanian and Russian Jewry, karaims and so on. Avraham
Harkavy was a member of the Russian Geographical, St-Petersburg
philological, Moscow anthropological, Odessa historical and
archeological societies, of many French and German scientific
societies, a correspondent of Madrid Academy of Science. He was famous
member of the " Society for the spreading of education between Russian
Jewry". Also, he was one of the authors and editors of the "Jewish
encyclopaedia" (St-Petersburg, 1909-13).
Avraham Harkavy played a great role in St-Petersburg Jewish community.
He was a scientific starosta (old man) of the synagogue. In honor of
Avraham Harkavy in synagogue was created a fund of pensions for the
Community members. Also, Harkavy created a fund for the help to
teachers of "St-Petersurg society for the spreading of education
between Russian Jewry).
Famous writer and philologist Alexander Harkavy was born in 1863 in
Navagrudak. Early, he stayed an orphan. Alexander brought up in the
family of his poor relatives. He received a religious education.
Alexander Harkavy preferred a self-education (especially - languages).
He liked literature very much. When Alexander Harkavy was 13-14 years
old, he wrote his first poems in Hebrew and published a manuscript
Since 1878 He worked in Romm brothers printers in Vilna. Harkavy used
his free-time for the self-education. His first literary experiment in
Yiddish were "Al Naharoth Babel" and humorous sketch "Kontorske
Szenes" (1882). Later he taught Yiddish in Belostok (in Belarussian -
After the pogroms (1881, 1882) Harkavy decided to leave Russia. His
went to the USA. Alexander Harkavy describe his journey and life
(first time he worked as unskilled worker) in the USA described in his
memoirs (published in "Haleom", 1903, IV-XII).
Harkavy, Harkavi (Ð“Ð°Ñ€ÐºÐ°Ð²Ð¸, ×”×¨×›×‘×™) is the Russo-Jewish
originated, according to a tradition current in the family, with
Mordecai Jaffe, author of the "Lebushim". The immediate ancestor was
Joseph of Turetz (d. 1778), Turetz being a town near Nowogrudok, in
the province (guberniya) of Minsk. The first member of the family to
assume the name "Harkavy" was Gershon of Nowogrudok (d. 1824), son of
Joseph of Turetz.
ï‚· Abraham Harkavy (or Avraam / Al'bert Eliyahu ben Yaakov
(Yakovl'evich) Harkavy) (1839-), historian
ï‚· Alexander Harkavy (1863 -), writer, Yiddish lexicographer, and
ï‚· Alexander SÃ¼sskind Harkavy (1785 - 1841): Scholar and merchant;
third son of Gershon Harkavy
ï‚· Allan Harkavy (-), emeritus physisist
ï‚· Deborah Romm (see Romm) (-): Daughter of Joseph Bezaleel Harkavy,
and head of the Hebrew publishing firm of Widow & Brothers Romm, of
ï‚· Elhanan Harkavy (- 1838, Jerusalem ): Eldest son of Gershon Harkavy
ï‚· Elhanan Harkavy (-): Brother of Alexander Harkavy
ï‚· Elijah Harkavy (-1827): Scholar and merchant; second son of Gershon
ï‚· Gershon Harkavy (1823-1875): Talmudist; son of Moses Solomon
ï‚· Gershon Harkavy (-): Son of Joseph of Turetz. He was a disciple of
Elijah of Wilna. In his declining years he settled in Safed, Eretz
Yisrael, where he founded a Talmudical academy, and maintained it by
the proceeds of vineyards bought for the purpose. He had four sons,
Elhanan, Elijah, Alexander SÃ¼sskind, and Moses Solomon.
ï‚· Hedva Harekhavi, Israeli poet and artist
ï‚· Jacob Harkavy (1799-1894): Son of Elhanan Harkavy. He was at the
head of a Talmudical academy at Jerusalem for forty-three years.
ï‚· Jacob Harkavy (-): Son of Gershon Harkavy; author of a brochure in
Russian on Jewish education (Wilna, 1902).
ï‚· Joseph Bezaleel Harkavy (-1873): Talmudist; son of Elhanan Harkavy.
He was the son-in-law of Rabbi Samuel Strashun of Wilna.
ï‚· Joseph Moses Harkavy (1812-1881): Talmudist; son of Rabbi Alexander
ï‚· Moses Solomon Harkavy (1805-1872): Merchant and philanthropist;
fourth son of Gershon Harkavy; born at Nowogrudok
ï‚· Vladimir (Wolf) Harkavy (-): Jurist at Moscow; son of Joseph
ï‚· Yehoshafat Harkabi (1921-1994) was chief of Israeli military
ï‚· Zvi Harkavi