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Anita De Sola Luria - wife of Ernst Luria (born 1866 Venezuela - died 1960 New York
Anita Lederman in 1936 (1921 - 1944 perished in the Shoah) credit; Amos Wulkan, the son of her sister.
Ernst Luria (1859 St. Thomas- 1913 in Hamburg) pictured in Hamburg about 1910 credit;Amos Wulkan, great grandson.
Ernst Luria (one year old) with his mother Lea Piza. Picture taken in 1860
Ernst Luria and Anita De Sola' children from left Frank, Mai, Edgar, Walter From: <firstname.lastname@example.org >
Estela de Lima Luria (American wife of Frank Luria) and their son Carlos
Herbert Lederman (1890 - 1944 perished in the Shoah), husband of Mai nee Luria credit; Amos Wulkan, grandson.
Margarita Lederman in 1939 (1920 - 1994) credit; Amos Wulkan, her son
Mai (nee Luria) Lederman (1896 - 1944, perished in the Shoah) credit; Amos Wulkan, grandson
#lra-13Albert Moses Luria
The book is a comprehensive study of the Lurie/Luria family that includes 45 pages of family trees showing the relationship of the Lurie family to such other families as Epstein, Eskeles, Heilprin, Isserles, Katzenellenbogen, Margolit, Meisel, Mendelssohn, Pereira, Weidenfeld and Wulff. The text portion of the book is filled with the history of the Lurie family, critical analysis of previous works about the family and legends by family members penned in the 19th century
Moisey Luria (and his sister*) Rachil Luria (Kirschen*) , Ponevezh Feb 6, 1921
Shimon and Erna Lorie
Erna Lorie, Gusta Loria, Rachel (Rachke) Loria, Sara Teller,
Chaim and Anna Lorie 1920.
Chaim Lorie, Reisel
Chaskel and Betty Loria
| Notes to the South Africa sig;
Arthur LOURIE, MA LL.B b. Johannesburg March 10 1903. Son of Harry and
Regina (nee Muller) . In 1977 was deputy director of Dept. of Foreign
Affairs Israel. m. 1 Clara Chase, children Daniel and Barbara; m.2
Educated : UCT, Cambridge , Harvard. Was Lect. in Law at Wits. 1927-1932.
Political Sec. Jewish Agency London 1933-1948; (under Sokolow and Weizmann )
but was in USA most of WW2; Dir. Amer. Zionist Emergency Council, 1940;
Member, Jewish Agency delegation San Francisco UN conference 1945;
Director, Jewish agency U.N. Office 1946-1948; Israel Consul General NY and
Dep. Perm. Rep UN 1948-1952; raised to rank of Minister 1951; Ass. Dir Gen
Ministry For Affairs Israel 1954-1957;
Ambassador on Special mission to Emperor of Ethiopia 1955; Member Israel
delegation to UN General Assembly 1949-1953; Ambassador to Canada 1957-1959,
Ambassador to Great Britian 1960-1965.
He died in Israel in 1978. There is a group photo with Him, Weizman and
Norman Lourie was a founder of Habonim in South Africa. Norman Lourie
I presume this filmmaker is the same Norman Lourie
Archives... films depicting Jewish life around the world, newsreels from
As far as I remember, the Lourie in Katz and Lourie Jewellers in Eloff
Saul Isroff (London)
| Notes from the sig...
I am assisting a friend who of Ashkenazi Jewish background. His mother,
Lurie, claims descent from Isaac ben Solomon Luria (1534-1572), a
rabbi, and some kind of kinship with Karl Marx. Royal descent from the
David is claimed for Luria.
Any suggestions or referrals?
This book has dozens of family trees covering the myriad branches of
Dr. Rosenstein is also a frequent contributor to the this JewishGen
|LURIA: Jewish encyclopedia of 1905
By : Herman Rosenthal Peter Wiernik Kaufmann Kohler Isaac BroydÃ© Solomon Schechter Bernhard Friedberg
A family with wide ramifications and several of whose members were distinguished for mystical tendencies and rabbinical knowledge.
Abraham b. Nissan Luria:
Russian rabbi and grammarian of the first half of the nineteenth century. He was rabbi of Skod (Shad ?) in Lithuania, and is known chiefly through his grammatical work "Nisyonot Abraham" (Wilna, 1821). It consists of two parts, of which the first is on the grammatical passages in Rashi's commentary on the Bible, and the second on similar passages occurring in the older commentaries on the Mishnah and Talmud.
Bibliography: FÃ¼rst, Bibl. Jud. ii. 257;
David b. Aaron Luria:
Russian educator; born in Minsk about 1800; died in KÃ¶nigsberg, Prussia, July, 1873. The son of wealthy parents, he was given a liberal Jewish education, which he later supplemented by the acquisition of a knowledge of the secular sciences. After Lilienthal's failure (1842) to induce the Jews of Minsk to establish a school for Jewish children, Luria took up the work and succeeded beyond all expectations. At first opposed by the Orthodox, he soon overcame all opposition, and in 1843 gained control of the Talmud Torah of Minsk. As its superintendent, he transformed it into a modern institution; and his admirable management won the recognition not only of the local authorities, but even of the central government (see "Journal of the Ministry of Public Education," vol. 53, i. 40).
Luria's success not only turned his former antagonists into warm supporters, but induced the well-to-do Jewish merchants to open a school for their children so that they might be enabled to receive as good an education as was given to the orphans in the Talmud Torah. Thus a merchants' school was founded, also under Luria's management; but it failed on account of circumstances over which he had no control. The support it had received, however, encouraged him to establish the Midrash Ezraá¸¥im or citizens' school, for children of the middle class, which proved a great success, although its fees were more than double those of the local gymnasium. But all his hopes were destroyed when his classes in the Talmud Torah and his Midrash Ezraá¸¥im were closed by order of the government, to make room for the government schools which were then being established in Jewish communities. Greatly disappointed, "his only rewards being a gold medal from the czar and a short poem by Gottlober" ("Ha-Niáº“áº“anim," p. 214, Wilna, 1850), he retired to his books and his studies, and for the rest of his life took but little interest in public affairs.
Luria was the author of "'Omer ba-Sadeh" (Wilna, 1853), a book for the young, in which Biblical passages are explained in a moral and patriotic sense.
Bibliography: Yevreiskaya Biblioteka, iii. 360 et seq.;
Enoch Zundel b. Isaiah Luria:
Russian preacher and author; died in Brest-Litovsk Feb. 13, 1847. He lived for several years in Wilna, and later became successively preacher in New Zhagory and Novogrudok, both in the government ofKovno. He wrote "Kenaf Renanim" on "Pereá¸³ Shirah" (Krotoschin, 1842; Presburg, 1859; Warsaw, 1888). He wrote also "Moá¹ ot Kenafayim," sermons and addenda to his former work, but it remained in manuscript. A review of the "Kenaf Renanim" is given in "Orient, Lit." 1842, No. 26.
Bibliography: Fuenn, Keneset Yisrael, p. 312;
Isaac ben Solomon Ashkenazi Luria (ARI):
Lives as Hermit.
Founder of the modern Cabala; born of German parents at Jerusalem in 1534; died at Safed Aug. 5. 1572. While still a child he lost his father, and was brought up by his rich uncle Mordecai Francis, tax-farmer at Cairo, who placed him under the best Jewish teachers. Luria showed himself a diligent student of rabbinical literature; and, under the guidance of Bezaleel Ashkenazi, he, while quite young, became proficient in that branch of Jewish learning. At the age of fifteen he married his cousin, and, being amply provided for, was enabled to continue his studies undisturbed. When about twenty-two years old, becoming engrossed with the study of the Zohar, which had recently been printed for the first time, he adopted the life of a hermit. He removed to the banks of the Nile, and for seven years secluded himself in an isolated cottage, giving himself up entirely to meditation. He visited his family only on the Sabbath, speaking very seldom, and always in Hebrew. Such a mode of life could not fail to produce its effect on a man endowed by nature with a lively imagination. Luria became a visionary. He believed he had frequent interviews with the prophet Elijah, by whom he was initiated into sublime doctrines. He asserted that while asleep his soul ascended to heaven and conversed with the great teachers of the past.
In 1569 Luria removed to Palestine; and after a short sojourn at Jerusalem, where his new cabalistic system seems to have met with but little success, he settled at Safed. There he formed a circle of cabalists to whom he imparted the doctrines by means of which he hoped to establish on a new basis the moral system of the world. To this circle belonged Moses Cordovero, Solomon Alá¸³abiáº“, Joseph Caro, Moses Alshech, Elijah de Vidas, Joseph á¸¤agiz, Elisha Galadoa, and Moses Bassola. They met every Friday, and each confessed to another his sins. Soon Luria had two classes of disciples: (1) novices, to whom he expounded the elementary Cabala, and (2) initiates, who became the depositaries of his secret teachings and his formulas of invocation and conjuration. The most renowned of the initiates was á¸¤ayyim Vital of Calabria, who, according to his master, possessed a soul which had not been soiled by Adam's sin. In his company Luria visited the sepulchers of Simeon ben Yoá¸¥ai and of other eminent teachers, the situation of which had been revealed to him by his constant mentor, the prophet Elijah. Luria's cabalistic circle gradually widened and became a separate congregation, in which his mystic doctrines were supreme, influencing all the religious ceremonies. On Sabbath Luria dressed himself in white and wore a fourfold garment to signify the four letters of the Ineffable Name. His followers looked upon him as a saint who had the power to perform all kinds of miracles, while he himself pretended to be Messiah ben Joseph, the forerunner of Messiah ben David.
Luria used to deliver his lectures extempore and, with the exception of some cabalistic poems in Aramaic for the Sabbath service, did not write anything. The real exponent of his cabalistic system was á¸¤ayyim Vital. He collected all the notes of the lectures which Luria's disciples had made; and from these notes were produced numerous works, the most important of which was the " 'Eáº“ á¸¤ayyim," in six volumes (see below). At first this circulated in manuscript copies; and each of Luria's disciples had to pledge himself, under pain of excommunication, not to allow a copy to be made for a foreign country; so that for a time all the manuscripts remained in Palestine. At last, however, one was brought to Europe and was published at Zolkiev in 1772 by Satanow. In this work are expounded both the speculative Cabala, based on the Zohar, and the practical or miraculous Cabala (), of which Luria was the originator.
The characteristic feature of Luria's system in the speculative Cabala is his definition of the Sefirot and his theory of the intermediary agents, which he calls "paráº“ufim" (from Ï€Ï?ÏŒÏƒÏ‰Ï€Î½ = "face"). Before the creation of the world, he says, the En Sof filled the infinite space. When the Creation was decided upon, in order that His attributes, which belong to other beings as well, should manifest themselves in their perfection, the En Sof retired into His own nature, or, to use the cabalistic term, concentrated Himself (). From this concentration proceeded the infinite light. When in its turn the light concentrated, there appeared in the center an empty space encompassed by ten circles or dynamic vessels ("kelim") called "Sefirot," by means of which the infinite realities, though forming an absolute unity, may appear in their diversity; for the finite has no real existence of itself. However, the infinite light did not wholly desert the center; a thin conduit () of light traversed the circles and penetrated into the center. But while the three outermost circles, being of a purer substance because of their nearness to the En Sof, were able to bear the light, the inner six were unable to do so, and burst. It was, therefore, necessary to remove them from the focus of the light. For this purpose the Sefirot were transformed into "figures" ("paráº“ufim"). The first Sefirah, Keter, was transformed into the potentially existing three heads of the Macroprosopon ("Erek Anfin"); the second Sefirah, á¸¤okmah, into the active masculine principle called "Father" ("Abba"); the third Sefirah, Binah, into the passive, feminine principle called "Mother" ("Imma"); the six broken Sefirot, into the male child ("Ze'er"), which is the product of the masculine active and the feminine passive principles; the tenth Sefirah, Malkut, into the female child ("Bat"). This proceeding was absolutely necessary. Had God in the beginning created these figures instead of the Sefirot, there would have been no evil in theworld, and consequently no reward and punishment; for the source of evil is in the broken Sefirot or vessels, while the light of the En Sof produces only that which is good. These five figures are found in each of the four worlds; namely, in the world of emanation (); in that of creation (); in that of formation ( ); and, in that of action , which represents the material world.
Luria's psychological system, upon which is based his practical Cabala, is closely connected with his metaphysical doctrines. From the five figures, he says, emanated five souls, Neshamah, Ruaá¸¥, Nefesh, á¸¤ayyah, and Yeá¸¥idah; the first of these being the highest, and the last the lowest. Man's soul is the connecting link between the infinite and the finite, and as such is of a manifold character. All the souls destined for the human race were created together with the various organs of Adam. As there are superior and inferior organs, so there are superior and inferior souls, according to the organs with which they are respectively coupled. Thus there are souls of the brain, souls of the eye, souls of the hand, etc. Each human soul is a spark ("niáº“oáº“") from Adam. The first sin of the first man caused confusion among the various classes of souls: the superior intermingled with the inferior; good with evil; so that even the purest soul received an admixture of evil, or, as Luria calls it, of the element of the "shells" ("á¸³elipot"). From the lowest classes of souls proceeded the pagan world, while from the higher emanated the Israelitish world. But, in consequence of the confusion, the former are not wholly deprived of the original good, and the latter are not altogether free from sin. This state of confusion, which gives a continual impulse toward evil, will cease with the arrival of the Messiah, who will establish the moral system of the world upon a new basis. Until that time man's soul, because of its deficiencies, can not return to its source, and has to wander not only through the bodies of men and of animals, but even through inanimate things such as wood, rivers, and stones.
Return of the Soul.
To this doctrine of metempsychosis Luria added the theory of the impregnation ("'ibbur") of souls; that is to say, if a purified soul has neglected some religious duties on earth, it must return to the earthly life, and, attaching itself to the soul of a living man, unite with it in order to make good such neglect. Further, the departed soul of a man freed from sin appears again on earth to support a weak soul which feels unequal to its task. However, this union, which may extend to three souls at one time, can only take place between souls of homogeneous character; that is, between those which are sparks of the same Adamite organ. The dispersion of Israel has for its purpose the salvation of men's souls; and the purified souls of Israelites unite with the souls of men of other races in order to free them from demoniacal influences. According to Luria, man bears on his forehead a mark by which one may learn the nature of his soul: to which degree and class it belongs; the relation existing between it and the superior world; the wanderings it has already accomplished; the means by which it can contribute to the establishment of the new moral system of the world; how it can be freed from demoniacal influences; and to which soul it should be united in order to become purified. This union can be effected by formulas of conjuration.
Influence on Ritual.
Luria introduced his mystic system into religious observances. Every commandment had for him a mystic meaning. The Sabbath with all its ceremonies was looked upon as the embodiment of the Divinity in temporal life; and every ceremony performed on that day was considered to have an influence upon the superior world. Every word, every syllable, of the prescribed prayers contain hidden names of God upon which one should meditate devoutly while reciting. New mystic ceremonies were ordained and codified under the name of "Shulá¸¥an 'Aruk shel Ari." This tendency to substitute a mystic Judaism for the rabbinical Judaism, against which Luria was warned by his teacher of Cabala, David ibn Abi Zimra, became still stronger after Luria's death. His disciples, who applied to him the epithets "Holy" and "Divine," sank further in mysticism and paved the way for the pseudo-Messiah Shabbethai áº’ebi.
The following are the works attributed to Luria by his disciples, given in the order of their publication:
1595. Marpe Nefesh, on the purification of the soul. Venice.
1600. Tiá¸³á¸³une ha-Teshubah, on penitence. Published by Elijah Moses de Vidas. Venice.
1615. Seder we-Tiá¸³á¸³un á¸²eri'at Shema', mystic explanations of the Shema'. Prague.
1620. Sefer ha-Kawwanot, mystic explanations of the prayers. Venice. (With corrections by Pethahiah ben Joseph, Hanau, 1624; Amsterdam, 1710; Jessnitz, 1723; abridged, under the title "Zot á¸¤uá¸³á¸³at ha-Torah," by Abraham á¸¤azzeá¸³uni, Venice, 1659.)
1624. Tiá¸³á¸³une Shabbat, mystic poems, for Sabbath, and explanations of the Sabbath ceremonies. Venice.
1652. Sefer Ma'yan ha-á¸¤okmah, on Creation and on the union between the higher and lower spheres, first published by Abraham á¸²almaná¸³es. Amsterdam.
1663. Derek Emet, annotations on the Zohar and the "Sefer ha-Tiá¸³á¸³unim." In three parts, Venice, 1663.
1663. Note on the "Zohar he-á¸¤adash," with text. Venice.
1680. Shulá¸¥an 'Aruk, mystic explanations of many religious ceremonies. Mubá¸¥ar she be-Abot, cabalistic commentary on Pirá¸³e Abot.
1710. Re'amim u-Re'ashim, prognostications. Constantinople.
1715. Notes on the Zohar, with text. Amsterdam.
1719. Perush Sefer Yeáº“irah, commentary on the "Sefer Yeáº“irah." Amsterdam.
1728. Tiá¸³á¸³un Ashmurot, midnight prayers termed "á¸¥aáº“ot." Amsterdam.
1737. Golel Or, on metempsychosis. Published by MeÃ¯r ben á¸¤alifah Bikayim. Smyrna.
1766. á¸¤adrat Melek, commentary on the Zohar. Published by Shalom ben Moses Buzaglio. Amsterdam.
1781. Seder ha-Tefillah, a book of prayer. Published by Aryeh ben Abraham. Zolkiev.
1785. Liá¸³á¸³uá¹ e Shas, cabalistic dissertations on several Talmudic treatises. Korzec.
1785. Zohar ha-Raá¸³ia', commentaries on the Zohar, with the text. Korzec.
1785. á¸²ol be-Ramah, on the Idra Rabba, with additions by Jacob ben á¸¤ayyim áº’emaá¸¥. Korzee.
1788. Kelalot Tiá¸³á¸³unim we-'Aliyyot ha-'Olamot, on the ascension of the soul. Lemberg.
1839. Ma'or we-Shemesh, cabalistic collectanea. Published by Judah ben Abraham Raphael Koriat. Leghorn.
á¸¤ayyim Vital, as stated above, produced from the notes of Luria's lectures a work entitled "'Eáº“ á¸¤ayyim" (Korzec, 1784), in six volumes:
"Oáº“erot á¸¤ayyim," containing twenty-one cabalistic essays;
"Sefer Derushim," cabalistic explanations of the Bible;
"Sefer Kawwanot," mystic explanationsof the prayers;
"á¹¬a'ame ha-Miáº“wot," on the precepts;
"Sefer ha-Gilgulim," on metempsychosis;
"Sefer Liá¸³á¸³uá¹ im," miscellanea.
According to Azulai, Luria wrote in the earlier part of his life novellÃ¦ on Zebaá¸¥im and Beáº“ah. A halakic consultation addressed by Luria to Joseph Caro is inserted in "Abá¸³at Rokel," (Â§ 136).
Bibliography: Solomon Shelemiel ben á¸¤ayyim, Shibá¸¥e ha-Ari, Korzee, 1785;
Johanan ben Aaron ben Nathanael Luria:
Alsatian Talmudist; lived successively at Niedernheim and Strasburg at the end of the fifteenth century and in the beginning of the sixteenth. After having studied for many years in German yeshibot, he returned to Alsace and settled in Strasburg, where he founded a yeshibah by permission of the government. Luria was the author of an ethical work entitled "Hadrakah" (Cracow, c. 1579) and of "Meshibat Nefesh" (Neubauer, "Cat. Bodl. Hebr. MSS." No. 257), a haggadic and mystical commentary on the Pentateuch, founded on Rashi. To this commentary was appended a dissertation in which Luria refuted the arguments advanced by Christians against Judaism.
Bibliography: Carmoly, ItinÃ©raires de la Terre Sainte, p. 345;
Solomon b. Jehiel Luria:
Rabbi and author; born in Brest-Litovsk, Lithuania, 1510; died at Lublin Nov. 7, 1573. When still a youth his parents sent him to Posen, where he studied under the guidance of his grandfather Rabbi Isaac Klauberia. He left Posen in 1535, owing to an extensive fire which destroyed his grandfather's property. On his return to his native place he assiduously continued his studies. Here he married Lipka, daughter of Rabbi Kalonymus. After some time he was elected rabbi of Brest, and established a yeshibah there. About 1550 he received the appointment of rabbi and head of the yeshibah at Ostrog, and in 1555 he moved to Lublin, where he became head of the famous yeshibah.
His Method of Study.
Concerning his method of study and teaching he says: "I was painstaking always to trace the last source of the Halakah, which I used to discuss with my friends and pupils, spending sometimes a week in research and close reasoning till I came upon the root of the matter; then I used to put it down in my book. And it was always my habit to quote all the opinions of my predecessors, according to their rank of authority, also the decisions and rulings of those who compiled the responsa, in order to avoid the suspicion of plagiarism or the reproach that I had overlooked the opinion of some great authority. In two years I did not reach in my studies further than half of the tractate Yebamot. I spent a whole year on two chapters of the tractate Ketubot; and the chapter 'Miáº“wat á¸¤aliáº“ah' Yebamot] took me half a year." It is therefore not surprising that Luria was very independent, and was not afraid to say in public: "Do not take any notice of what people have been accustomed till now to consider as permitted; for most of them used to read only the 'á¹¬ur. Oraá¸¥ á¸¤ayyim' by Rabbi Jacob ben Asher. He gave permission in the name of his father, Rabbi Asher; and in his introduction he even asserts that whenever he quotes the ruling of his father, it should be considered as decisive for practise. And, indeed, many people took it for granted that it is to be looked upon as the last and absolute decision, as though it were handed down to us as a tradition of Moses from Mount Sinai. The fact that he agrees with his father does not pledge us to agree with him; indeed, so it is in many ritual matters that the general usage is against him." Nor does he spare even Joseph Caro, whom he accuses of having occasionally expressed merely superficial views in his effort to harmonize conflicting laws, as well as of having sometimes based his decisions on the reading of corrupt texts.
With even more asperity he speaks of Benjamin Zeeb and his responsa, "Binyamin Ze'eb," which he warns the public are worthless and full of plagiarisms. Of some of the rabbis of his time he says as follows: "The ordained are many; but those who know something are few. The number of overbearing ones is steadily increasing, none of whom knows his place. As soon as they are ordained they begin to domineer and, by means of their wealth, to gather about themselves disciples, just as lords hire slaves to run before them. They rule over the scholars and the congregation. They excommunicate and anathematize, and they ordain pupils who did not study under them, and receive therefor money and reward. They are always seeking their own interests."
Friendship with Isserles.
Though Luria was not on very good terms with most of his contemporaries, yet he formed an intimate friendship with Rabbi Moses Isserles of Cracow, as may be seen from their correspondence. But this friendship did not prevent Luria from remonstrating with Isserles when he learned that the latter was devoted to the study of philosophy, for he exhorted him with the words: "Thou art turning to the wisdom of the uncircumcised Aristotle. Wo unto my eyes that they have seen such a thing! This is a sin for such a prince in Israel." The adherents of the Cabala he censured severely, saying: "These modern ones pretend to belong to the sect of the cabalists. . . . They can not see in the light of the Zohar, which they do not understand. . . . Therefore, do not go in their ways. Have nothing to do with things secret."
Luria's works include: (1) "á¸¤okmat Shelomoh" (Cracow, 1582), critical notes on the Talmud and its earlier commentaries; it has been appended to the later editions of the Talmud; (2) Responsa (Lublin, 1574); (3) "Yam shel Shelomoh" (Prague, 1615, and later), novellÃ¦ on different treatises of the Talmud: on Baba á¸²amma; on á¸¤ullin (Cracow, 1646); on Yebamot (Altona, 1740); on Beáº“ah (Lublin, 1636); on á¸²iddushin (Berlin, 1766); and on Giá¹ á¹ in (ib. 1766); (4) "Yeri'ot Shelomoh," supercommentary on the commentary of Elijah Mizraá¸¥i on Rashi, prepared for print by his pupil Jehiel ben Meshullam;(5) "'Ammude Shelomoh" (Basel, 1600), commentary on the book of precepts by Rabbi Moses of Coucy; (6) "'Aá¹ eret Shelomoh"; (7) "Zemirot" (Venice, 1602), commentary on the "Sha'are Dura" of Isaac of DÃ¼ren (Lublin, 1598), liturgical songs; and others. Many of Luria's works are still extant in manuscript.
Bibliography: Pascheles Israelitischer Volkskalender, x. 49;
Salvador E. Luria
In 1929 he started his studies in Medicine at the University of Torino, where he obtained his M. D. summa cum laude in 1935. From 1938 to 1940 he was Research Fellow at the Institute of Radium in Paris; 1940-1942, Research Assistant in Surgical Bacteriology at Columbia University; from 1943 to 1950 he was Instructor, Assistant Professor, and Associate Professor of Bacteriology at Indiana University; in 1950 he was appointed Professor of Microbiology at the University of Illinois; from 1959-1964 he has been Professor of Microbiology at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology; in 1964 he became Sedgwick Professor of Biology at the M. I. T. and in 1965, non-resident Fellow at the Salk Institute for Biological Studies. In 1970 Luria was appointed Institute Professor at the Department of Biology of the M.I.T.
Professor Luria was honoured with the following awards: 1935, Lepetit Prize; 1965, Lenghi Prize, Accademia dei Lincei; 1969, Louisa Gross Horwitz Prize, Columbia University.
He was Guggenheim Fellow, 1942-1943 at Vanderbilt and Princeton; during the year 1963-1964 he worked again in Paris, this time at the Institut Pasteur. He is, or has been, Editor or Member of the Editorial Board of the following journals: Journal of Bacteriology, Virology, Experimental Cell Research, Journal of Molecular Biology, Photochemistry and Photobiology, American Naturalist, Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Annual Review of Genetics.
Professor Luria is a Member of the National Academy of Sciences, American Academy of Arts and Sciences, American Philosophical Society, American Academy of Microbiology, American Society for Microbiology (President, 1967-1968), American Society of Biological Chemists, Society for General Microbiology, Genetics Society, American Naturalists, Society for the Study of Development and Growth, A.A.A.S., Sigma Xi, A.A.U.P.
Salvador Edward Luria was, in 1945, married to Zella Hurwitz, they have one son, Daniel, who is studying economics. His wife, Zella Hurwitz Luria, Ph. D., is a Professor of Psychology at Tufts University.
From Nobel Lectures, Physiology or Medicine 1963-1970, Elsevier Publishing Company, Amsterdam, 1972
This autobiography/biography was first published in the book series Les Prix Nobel. It was later edited and republished in Nobel Lectures. To cite this document, always state the source as shown above.
For more updated biographical information, see:
Born in 1912 into a distinguished 500-year-old family of Northern Italian Jews, he determined to exercise vigorously the intellectual freedom of his new (1947) American citizenship. After fleeing Fascism in Italy in 1938, he left Paris for the U.S. two years later and applied his genius for molecular biology to the genetics of bacteria. In 1942, while at Vanderbilt University on a Guggenheim fellowship, Luria met and began collaborating with Max Delbruck and Alfred Hershey, the two scientists with whom he would share the 1969 Nobel Prize for Medicine. A convinced socialist, Dr. Luria lost his passport for a time in the 1950s. A decade later he was a vociferous protester against the Viet Nam War and, more recently, has spoken out against American intervention in Central America. "I made up my mind that as a citizen I would be an active participant in American politics, taking advantage of the democratic opportunities that were not available to me in Italy. What scientific achievement I have reached is due to the freedom provided in this wealthy country to all aspects of intellectual enterprise
Lurie family member:
I want you to be aware that I have published my next book: The Lurie
Legacy. It is a history and genealogy of one of the most distinguished
families: the Lurie/Luria family which traces its ancestry back to King
There are nearly 50 pages of family trees showing not only the major
branches of the Lurie family but its links to the Epstein, Eskeles,
Heilprin, Isserles, Katzenellenbogen, Margolit, Meisel, Mendelssohn,
Pereira, Weidenfeld and Wulff families. The text portion of the book is
filled with the history of the Lurie family, critical analysis of
previous works about the family and legends by family members penned in
the 19th century. More than 60 documents of the Lurie family are
illustrated in the book, the earliest dating to the 16th century.
The book is an unusual size 9" x 12". It is printed on glossy paper and
will not only be valuable in your genealogical research but will make a
fine coffee-table book; one every member of your family will enjoy
reading. The cover was designed by the noted artist/political cartoonist
Additional information, including the complete Table of Contents and
list of illustrations, can be found at
Dr. Neil Rosenstein
654 Westfield Avenue
Elizabeth, N.J. 07208
Surname Given Name Father Relationship
LURIA Berko Iser Head of Household died 1837
LURIA Abram Movsha Grandchild 18
LURIA Itsyk Movsha Grandchild 16
LURIA Eydla Berko Daughter 17---- --
LURIA Abram Neukh Head of Household 49 ------------------------------------------LURIA Tema Berko Wife 49
LURIA Zalman Abram Son 24
LURIA Dveyra Leyba Daughter-in-law 24 Zalman's wife
LURIA Doba Zalman Grandchild 2
------- Lida; May-1858
LIURIE Yokhel Movsha Head of Household 32 in 1850 Unknown absence in 1856
LIURIE Leiba Yokhel Son Newborn in 1850 Unknown absence in 1856
LURIA Iokhenen David Movsha 24 Missing
LURIA Girsh Ber Markus Head of Household 22
LURIA Roche Movsha Wife 20
LURIE Leyb Rafel 49 ------------------------------------------------------------------
LURIE Rivke Abram 30 Leyb's wife
LURIE Ber Leyb's son 26
LURIE Taube 30 Ber's wife
LURIE Rafel Abram Leyb's son 15
LURIE Ginde Berel 12
LURIE Movsha Shmuel's son 27
LURIE Mine Yankel 30 Movsha's wife
LURIE Shlioma Movsha's son 6
LURIE Wolf Liberman Head of Household 36 Craftsman Guild Member
LURIE Girsh Liberman Brother 42 Craftsman Guild Member
LURIE Movsha Wolf Son? 6 Craftsman Guild Member
LURIE Ette Zavulen Brother's Wife 43 Craftsman Guild Member Girsh's wife
LURIE Roche Girsh's daughter Niece to wolf 16
LURIE Shlomo Liberman Brother Unknown place in 1856
LURIE Taube Zorukh Brother's Wife 30 Shliomo's wife
KaunasLURIE Grune Shakhna 12
LURIE Shlioma Shaia Head of Household 59 in 1850
LURIE Fayvush Zundel 24
LURIE Abram Zundel 23 Fayvush' brother
LURIE Itsyk Meyer 30
LURIE Rivka Ber 22 Abram's wife
LURIE Sheyna Benjamin 22 Itsyk's wife
LURIE Iosel Nosen Kalmen Head of Household 18
LURIE Hatskel Zalmen Head of Household 15 Missing Moved 1876
Zagare (New) 4-April-1866
LURIE Iosif Kalmen Head of Household 31(?) Reregistered as a merchant
LIURIA Chaim Shmuel Head of Household Died 1854 -------------------------------
LIURIA Shevel Chaim Son 28 Unknown place after 1856
LIURIA Yankel Leyba Chaim Son 24
LIURIA Yankel Iosel Chaim Son 14 in 1854 Unknown place after 1855
LIURIA Golda Chaim Daughter 15
LURIA Aron Fayvish Head of Household Unknown place after 1856
LURIA Dvora Movsha Wife 60
LURIA Leyba Aron's Son 35
LURIA Chaya Sora Movsha Daughter-in-Law 33 Leyba's wife
LURIA Nekha Leyba's daughter Grandchild 7
LURIA Chava Leah Leyba's daughter Grandchild 5
LURIA Faytel Aron Son 25 missing
LURIA Rivka Mordukh Daughter-in-Law 23 wife of Faytel
LURIA Ester Leah Aron Daughter 31
LURIA Sora Grandchild 3
LIURIE Benjamin Movsha Head of Household 47
LIURIE Rochla Leah Wife 48
LIURIE Leyba Benjamin Son Died 1857
LIURIE Izrail Benjamin Son 16 missing
LIURIY Shaia Kalman Head of Household 42
LIURIY Itka Wife 42
LIURIY Girsha Shaia Son 24
LIURIY Chaya Shaia Daughter 21
LIURIY Rochla Shaia Daughter 14
Leyba Hlavna Cousin 16 in 1853 Unknown 1854 Petit Bourgeois
LIURIY Movsha Izrael Head of Household 44
LIURIY Rivka Wife 46
LIURIY Iudel Nota Movsha Son 23
LIURIY Rocha Daughter-in-law 20 Iudel Nota's wife
LIURIY Liba Itka Movsha Daughter 16
LIURIY Malka Movsha Daughter 10
LIURIY Zelman Izrael Head of Household 34 in 1851 Died 1854
LIURIY Izrael Nota Zelman Son 17
LARVE / LARIE Eliash Shlioma Head of Household 58 Unknown 1853
LARVE / LARIE Gitla Estra Wife 58
LARVE / LARIE Shlioma Eliash Son 33
LARVE / LARIE Chaim Eliash Son Died 1853
LARVE / LARIE Gena Daughter-in-law 33 Shlioma's wife
LARIE Shlioma Eliash Head of Household 47
LARIE Basa Wife 42
LARIE Eliash Berko Shlioma Son 23
LARIE Chana Golda Eliash Berko Grandchild 2
LARIE Chaya Shlioma Daughter 8
LARIE Shora Shlioma Daughter 2
LIURIY Sholom Chaim 57 (24 in 1858 )
LIURIY Rivka Wife 56
LIURIY Mera Yankel Daughter-in-law 28 in 1901
LIURIY Shimel Sholom Chaim Son 22
LIURIY Beyla Shimel Grandchild 4 in 1904
LIURIY Minukha Shimel Grandchild 9 in 1904
LIURIY Abel Movsha Shimel Grandchild 8 in 1904
LIURIY Chaim Sholom Shimel Grandchild 1 in 1904
LIURIY Mendel Sholom Chaim Son 19
LIURIY Chaim Sholom Mendel Grandchild 2 in 1904
LIURIY Leyb Itsyk Sholom Chaim Son 8
LIURIY Rivka Daughter-in-law 31 in 1904
LIURIA Mortkhel Leyba Head of Household 22 in 1907
LYURIA Movsha Tsalko Fayvush Head of Household 51 ---------------------------------
LYURIA Tserna Wife 35
LYURIA Freyde Movsha Tsalko Daughter 15
LYURIA Chaya Movsha Tsalko Daughter 8
LYURIA Chana Movsha Tsalko Daughter 2
LYURIA Girsh Leyb Movsha Tsalko Son 4
LYURIA Zundel Movsha Tsalko Son 1?
Raseiniai (1818), Kaunas thereafter
Litovsko Vilenskaya (1816), Kaunas thereafter
KRIGER Leyba Iudel 38 14 August 1816 Came from Baisogala in 1816 KRIGER Itte (his wife)
MARBAKH Movsha Kadys 35 Came from Dotnuva in 1814 MARBAKH Rivka his wife
LURIE Kivel Iokhel 24 Came from Kaunas in 1814 LURIE Asne his wife 22
SVOYNIK Leyb Fishel Enkel Head of Household 27 Came from Vilnius in 1815 SVOYNIK Rocha Chana Wife 25
Raseiniai (1818), Kaunas thereafter
Litovsko Vilenskaya (1816), Kaunas thereafter
LIURIE Abram Iokhel 32
LIURIE Chaya 27
SHVARTS Berel Izrael Head of Household 34
Cekiske December 1868
LYURYA Abram Leyba Yankel Relative 36 -----------------------------------------------
YABLONSKY Leyba David Itsko Head of Household 42
YABLONSKY Tsalel Leyzer Nephew 18
YABLONSKY Leyzer Itsko Brother 54
YABLONSKY Kusel Chaim Itsko Brother 36
PURVE Movsha Ber Itsko Relative 40
PURVE Zelik Vulf Relative 28
LURYA Movsha Iosel Head of Household 50 in 1858
LURYA Iosel Leyba Movsha Son 30
LURYA Geshel Tuvya Movsha Son 13 in 1866
LURY Iosel Leyba 21 lives in village Maisiagala, Vilnius Uyezd Vilnius Guberniya
LURYE Itzek Chaim
LURE Josel Leiba Head of Household Listed with the family of Orel son of Berel BAL
LURIE Berel Abram Head of Household
LURIE Eliash Zelik Son Son of Berel son of Abram LURIE
LURIE Sholom Velvel (Valvel) Head of Household
LURIE Sholom Itzek Head of Household
LURIE Shulem Aron Head of Household
LURIE Eliash Sholom Brother-in-law Brother-in-law of Itzko son of Shmuel MILNER
MILNER Itzko Shmuel Head of Household
SHNITZER Michel Josel Listed with family of Itzko son of Shmuel MILNER
LURIE Aizek Berel Head of Household
NURIE / LURIE Movsha Itzek Head of Household
LURE Girsh Girsh Head of Household Listed with family of Movsha son of Josel TERTZ
LURIE Josel Leiba Head of Household Listed with family of Leizer son of Yogoshua ZALMINTZE
LURYA Izhaak Nochem Head of Household
LURIE Movsha Berel Head of Household
LURIE Shaia Movsha Head of Household
LURIE Josel Irmes Girsh Head of Household
LURIE Israel Benjamin Nochem Head of Household
LURIE Noech Berel Head of Household
Pumpenai April- 1834
LURI Aron Beines Michel Head of Household
LURI Wolf Movsha Grona? Head of Household
LURI Leiba Chaim Head of Household
LURI Israel Woolf Head of Household
LURIA Eliash Ovsei Head of Household
LURIA Meyer Leiba Head of Household
LURIA Leiba Chaim Head of Household
LURIE Josel Yankel Head of Household
LURIE Yochel Movsha Head of Household
LURIE Girsh Josel Yochel Head of Household
LURIE Josel Movsha Head of Household
LURIA Sholom Izrael Head of Household Registered in Birzai, resides in the village of Rinkuskiai since 1870
LURIA Bentsel Sholom Son 35
LURIA Abel Sholom Son 18
LURIA Sora Sholom Daughter 28
LURIA Mikhel Iosel Head of Household 55 Registered in Pumpenai, born and resides in the village of Vizory
LURIA Sora Wife 50
LURIA Lipsa Mikhel Daughter 30
LURIA Gita Mikhel Daughter 27
LURIA Riva Mikhel Daughter 22
LURIA Freyda Mikhel Daughter 19
LURIA Solom Mikhel Son 25
LURIA Saya Idel Mikhel Son 17
LURIA Meyer Chaim Mikhel Son 12
LIURIA Chava Rocha Wife 31
LIURIA Uria Iokhel's Son 1
LIURIA Yankel Iokhel's Son 1
Kyburiai Volost very near Vashki
LIURIA Mordkhel son of Movsha Head of Household 26 lives on the manor of Deveytany, Kyburiai Volost since 1877; a peddler
LIURIA Freyda his Wife 26
LIURIA Nera his mother 50
LIURIA Mordkhel his uncle 60
LIURIA Girsha Movsha Head of Household 47 lives in the village of Sitiany, Skrebotiskis Volost since 1871
LIURIA Sora Wife 46
LIURIA Izrael Girsha Son 22
LIURIA Iudel Girsha Son 10
LIURIA Feyga Girsha Daughter 23
LIURIA Senke Girsha Daughter 13
LURY Leyb Yankel Head of Household 68
LURY Yankel David Leyb Son 28
LURY Girsh Itsik Leyb Son 23
LURY Feyga Wife 60
LURIA Abram Itsko Movsha Son 16
LURIA Freyde Movsha Daughter 10
LURIA Movsha Yankel Head of Household 50
LURIA Pesa Wife 46
LURIA Tserna Rive Movsha Daughter13
LURIA Leyb Yankel Head of Household 44
LURIA Feyge Wife 36
LURIA Yankel David Leyb Son 10
LURIA (LURY) Orel Abram Leyb Head of Household 24
LURIA (LURY) Esfir Wife 22
LURIA Abram Leyb Yankel Head of Household 42
LURIA Sora Wife 41
LURIA Benjamin Abram Leyb Son 12
LURIA Chaya Abram Leyb Daughter 17
LURIA Eliash Abram Leyb Son 8
LURIA Mere Abram Leyb Daughter 6
LURIA Mordkhel Abram Leyb Son 4
LURIA Sheyne Abram Leyb Daughter 1
LYURIA Iosel Leyb Movsha Head of Household 36
LYURIA Seyna Chana Wife 50
LYURIA Gesel Tuvia Iosel Leyb Son 11
LYURIA Mikhel Eliash Movsha Son 8
LYURIA Movsha Iosel Head of Household 64
LYURIA Shloma Bentsel Movsha Son 3
LYURIA Sholem Iosel Movsha Son 10
LYURIA Sora Beyla Movsha Daughter 6
LIURIA Yankel Zundel Head of Household 16
LIURIA Zisla Mother 50
LIURIA Movsha Eliash Head of Household 65
LIURIA Basa Wife 50
LIURIA Eliash Movsha Son 19
LIURIA Nokhum Movsha Son15
LIURIA Sora Movsha Daughter 9
LIURIA Abram Eliash Head of Household 51
LIURIA Chave Wife 40
LIURIA Iudel Abram Son 3
LIURIA Leyb Abram Son 26
LIURIA Muse Leyb Grandchild 3
LIURIA Nokhum Yankel Abram Son 7
LIURIA Pese Abram Daughter 8
LIURIA Pese Daughter-in-law 30
LURIYA Lejb Abram Head of Household 53 lives in Vilnius; religious studies LURIYA Khana Wife 52
LURIYA Slova? Lejb Daughter 23
LYURIA Movsha Leyb Head of Household 26
LYURIA Iosel Leyb Head of Household 20
LYURIA Abram Leyb Head of Household 20
LYURIA Chana Mother 52
LYURIA Chaya Eta Leyb Sister 18
LURIA Movsha Wulf Head of Household 35
LURIA Abram Borukh Movsha Son 4
LURIA Beyla Wife 28
LURIA Gershon Movsha Son 1
LYURIA Leyb Iokhel Head of Household 22
LYURIA Feyga Rocha Wife 22
LYURIA Chaya Slova Leyb Daughter 3 months
LYURIA Taube Dine Leyb Daughter 3
LYURIA Abram Iokhel Son 15
LYURIA Chaya Slova Leyb Grandchild 3 months
LYURIA Feyga Rocha Daughter-in-law 22 Leyb's wife
LYURIA Ginda Head of Household 48
LYURIA Iokhel Borukh Head of Household 48
LYURIA Reyza Wife 44
LYURIA Leyb Iokhel Son 21
LYURIA Movsha Iokhel Son 13
LYURIA Tauba Dina Leyb Grandchild 3
LYURIA Chaim Yankel Iokhel Son 21
LYURIA Rocha Pesa Daughter-in-law 24 Chaim Yankel's wife
LYURIA Chaya Brayna Iokhel Daughter 1
LYURIA Srol Nakhmen Iokhel Son 7
LYURIA Brayna Iokhel Daughter 26
LYURIA Chaya Ginda Iokhel Daughter 28
LYURIA Mera Head of Household 58
LYURIA (LURIA) Fayvus Iokhel Head of Household 26
LYURIA (LURIA) Beyla Wife 25
LYURIA (LURIA) Iokhel? Fayvus Son 1
LYURIA (LURIA) Leah Fayvus Daughter 7
LURYE Itzek Chaim Head of Household
LURYE (?) Fisel Itzek Head of Ho
LIURIA Abram Mendel Head of Household 47 2nd Guild Merchant
LIURIA Feyga Wife 42
LIURIA Kalman Rakhmiel Abram Son 23
LIURIA David Abram Son 21
LIURIA Ovsey Abram Son 13
LIURIA Mine Abram Daughter 19
LIURIA Mase Abram Daughter 17
LIURIA Gite Ester Yankel not related 68 Memelskaya St., in Fayvel Tveria's house, apt. # 3; a peddler
LIURIA Movsha Shaya Iosel Head of Household 40 Memelskaya St., in Ber Bereliovich's house, apt. # 2; a day laborer
LIURIA Elka Shmuel Wife 40 Memelskaya St., in Ber Bereliovich's house, apt. # 2
LIURIA Mine Movsha Shaya Daughter 11 Memelskaya St., in Ber Bereliovich's house, apt. # 2
LIURIA Menukha Movsha Shaya Daughter 9 Memelskaya St., in Ber Bereliovich's . # 2
LIURIA Todres Shlioma Head of Household 30
LIURIA Leah Mother 58 Shlioma's widow
LIURIA Chaya Daughter-in-law 28 Efroim's wife
LIURIA Abram Movsha Head of Household
LIURIA Efroim Abram Son
LIURIA Izrael Abram Son
LIURIA Riva Wife 57
LIURIA Ginda Abram Daughter 22
LIURIA Mera Abram Daughter 19
LIURIA Movsha Shlioma 22 Missing
LURIE Eber Yankel Head of Household 69 2nd Guild Merchant; registered in Kelme Jewish Community1890
Raseiniai District Merchants
KRA/I-106/1/6098LURIE Pesa Taube Wife 51
LURIE Ionel Eber Son 37
LURIE Leah Tserna Daughter-in-law 30
LURIE Girsha Meyer Ionel Grandchild 7
LURIE Sheyma Eber Son 27
LURIE Sheyna Daughter-in-law 24 Wife of Sheyma, son of Eber
LURIE Beyla Eber Daughter 24
LIURIA Shimel Ovsey Head of Household September 1816
LIURIA David Shimel Son 30
LIURIA Girsh Shimel Son 27
LIURIA Shimel Itsyk Shimel Son18
LIURIA Shimel Iones Shimel Son 16
LIURIA Sora Wife 50
LIURIA Gnesa Shimel Daughter 15
LIURIA Sheyna Daughter-in-Law 30 David's wife
LIURIA Gnesa David Grandchild 2
LIURIA Beyla Daughter-in-Law 27 Girsh's wife
LIURIA Freyda Daughter-in-Law 23 Shimel Itsyk's wife
SHUR Hatskel Zavel Son in law 30 Came from Plunge in 1813
SHUR Etka Shimel Daughter 32 Hatskel's wife
LIURIE Iudel Lipman Head of Household 45 lives in Skaudvile; a tavern owner 1 September 1847
LIURIE Yankel Iudel Son 9
LIURIE Chaim Iudel Son 4
LIURIE Eliash Iudel Son 2
LIURIE Shaya Iudel Son 19
LIURIE Roche Wife 47
LIURIE Iosel Movsha Head of Household 49 lives in Skaudvile; a small proprietor 1-September-1847
LIURIE Yankel Iosel Son 24
LIURIE Movsha Iosel Son 10
LIURIE Roche Wife 47
LIURIE Ente Iosel Daughter 13
LIURIE Ita Iosel Daughter 8
LURIA Iudel Movsha Head of Household 35 lives in Silale; a cabman Skaudvile
LIURIE Shmuylo Movsha Head of Household 37 lives in Skaudvile; a peddler1-September-1847
LIURIE David Shmuylo Son 13
LIURIE Movsha Shmuylo Son 11
LIURIE Gershel Shmuylo Son 10
LIURIE Nakhman Shmuylo Son 4
LIURIE Genta Wife 35
LIURIE Libe Shmuylo Daughter 7
LIURIA Movsha Shlioma Brother
LIURIA Eta Wife 22
LIURIA Tsirla Shlioma Sister 32
LIURIA Bluma Shlioma Sister 22
LURIE Chaya Wife 24 1-September-1847
LURIE Rasha Shamshen Zavel Daughter 7
LIURIY Moisei David Son conscripted 1912, lives in Telsiai; registered in Kelme 1912 Raseiniai District Military List (Men Avoiding Conscription)
LIURIY David Movsha Head of Household 60
LIURIY Mera Wife 58
LIURIY Abram Hatskel David Son 40
LIURIY Sheyna David Daughter 24
LURIE Shay David Head of Household Skaudvile towndweller; lives in estate Yushkaichiai; farmer and tradesman. 1915
Jews Living in Rural Areas of Raseiniai District
LURIE Iosel Shay Son
LURIE Chana Mera Daughter-in-Law Wife of Iosel
LURIE Yankel Iosel Grandson
LURIE Pesa Leah Iosel Granddaughter
LURIE Brayne Iosel Granddaughter
LIURIYA Movsha Iokhel Head of Household 53 1843
LIURIYA Iokhel Movsha Son 27
LIURIYA Abram Movsha Son 24
LIURIYA Borukh Iokhel Abram Head of Household 38
LIURIYA Wulf Iokhel Head of Household 43 1843
LIURIYA Leyb Wulf Son 5
LIURIYA Abram Iokhel Head of Household 50 dead 1839
LIURIYA Iokhel Abram Son 32
LIURIYA Gershon Abram Son 30
LIURIYA Leyb Abram Son 22
LIURIYA Kivel Iokhel Head of Household 51
LIURIYA Iokhel Kivel Son 22
LIURIYA Leyb Kivel Son19
LYURIYA Iokhel Abram Head of Household 41 6 females in family; butcher 1852 Craftsmen
LYURIYA Leyb Abram Brother