Haaretz, Tue., July 08, 2008 Tamuz 5, 5768
Michael Eisenbud was a 13-year-old schoolboy in Panevezys, Lithuania in 1936 when his father attended a Zionist doctors' conference in Palestine and opened an account at the Anglo-Palestine Bank.
( From the Yizkor book:..." In Ponevezh there were Jewish doctors, teachers and others with diplomas who mixed with the common people – these were true folk-intellectuals.
First to be counted in this group was Dr. Eisenbud, a practicing physician who was also a teacher in the Hebrew gymnaziya..")
Dr. Chaim Ben Zion Eisenbud continued depositing funds into the account until World War II broke out. In 1941, after the Wehrmacht invaded the Soviet Union and occupied Lithuania, Dr. Chaim Ben Zion Eisenbud was taken, together with 7,000 of his fellow Jews from Panevezys, outside the city and shot to death. His sons Michael and Eliezer escaped to the Soviet area and served in the Red Army.
In 1973 Eliezer Eisenbud immigrated to Israel and asked the bank by then Bank Leumi for the family's account. Michael immigrated in 1979, and the brothers have been attempting to release the funds for three decades.
"The Bank Leumi officials were very polite," says Michael. "They said the money was transferred to the Custodian General. There we were told that due to the lira's devaluation the money was worth very little and wasn't even worth issuing an inheritance order for."
In 2005 the brothers appealed to the Knesset Inquiry Committee for the Location and Restitution of Assets of Holocaust Victims, chaired by MK Colette Avital. The committee passed the case on to the Company for Location and Restitution of Holocaust Victims Assets and in February the Eisnbuds received NIS 300,000 70 percent of the account's value, according to the company.
"They said it was an advance but it's not clear when we'll get the rest," Michael said. "In any case, at our age, I'm 85 it cannot make a difference to our lives. It's a pity we didn't have it when we first came and our economic situation was difficult."
The Eisenbuds' situation is good compared to that of thousands of other Holocaust heirs. Only 10 heirs have so far received money from the company, which began operating some 18 months ago. The company was set up to locate all assets bought or deposited in pre-WWII Palestine and transfer them to survivors and/or heirs of Holocaust victims.
On Monday the company's executives updated the Knesset Control Committee of its activity. Until the end of June the company had located NIS 750 million worth of assets lands, homes, bank accounts, stocks and bonds held by the Custodian General, the Jewish National Fund, banks especially Bank Leumi and the Israel Museum, which has more than 1,000 objets d'art that belonged to Holocaust victims.
The company is continuing in its attempts to retrieve and locate more property and other assets, reportedly worth hundreds of millions of shekels.
The company posted on its Internet site the names of 66,000 Holocaust victims with assets in Israel. By the end of June, a total of 6,604 applications for the recovery of assets had had been filed. Only 105 applications have been approved; assets have been disbursed in about 10
of these cases.
The company says the law mandates a one-year waiting period between the publication of the list of assets (the first was issued in June 2007) and the disbursement of funds, so that all potential can apply.
Several MKs and Holocaust representatives of survivors' organizations castigated the company for dragging its feet and for not using the retrieved assets to assist elderly and needy survivors.
Comapny chair Avraham Roth accused the JNF, the Custodian General and banks of refusing to release the money in their possession, in violation of the law.
The Custodian General's representative said the delay was due to a tender to appoint four accountants' firms to determine the assets' precise value. The JNF spokeswoman said the JNF had transferred all the real estate owned by Holocaust victims to the company.Bank Leumi said the company had given it a list of 1,200 accounts worth a total of NIS 130 million.
"We checked, name by name, in our archives and in other archives. Some [account owners] aren't Holocaust victims, others live in enemy countries. We gave them a detailed list of every name about three weeks ago," the bank's spokesman said.
Name: Boris Eisenbud
Home in 1920: Elizabeth City Ward 7, Union, New Jersey
Age: 44 years
Estimated Birth Year: abt 1876
Birthplace: Russia /Hebrew
Relation to Head of House: Head
Spouse's Name: Katherine
Father's Birth Place: Russia
Mother's Birth Place: Russia
Marital Status: Married
Home owned: Rent
Year of Immigration: 1902
Able to read: Yes
Able to Write: Yes
Neighbors: View others on page
Household Members: Name Age
Boris Eisenbud 44
Katherine Eisenbud 35
Kenrey Eisenbud 14
Leonard Eisenbud 6
Gertrude Eisenbud 16
Jeanette Eisenbud 1 10/12
David Eisenbud (born 8 April 1947) is an American mathematician. He is a professor of mathematics at the University of California, Berkeley and was Director of the Mathematical Sciences Research Institute (MSRI) from 1997 to 2007.
Eisenbud received his Ph.D. in 1970 from the University of Chicago, where he was a student of Saunders Mac Lane and, unofficially, J. C. Robson. He then taught at Brandeis University from 1970 to 1997, during which time he had visiting positions at Harvard University, Institut des Hautes Études Scientifiques (IHES), University of Bonn, and Centre national de la recherche scientifique (CNRS). He joined the staff at MSRI in 1997, and took a position at Berkeley at the same time.
From 2003 to 2005 Eisenbud was President of the American Mathematical Society.
Eisenbud's mathematical interests include commutative and non-commutative algebra, algebraic geometry, topology, and computational methods in these fields. He has written nearly 150 papers with over 50 co-authors. Notable contributions include the theory of matrix factorizations for maximal Cohen-Macaulay modules over hypersurface rings, the Eisenbud-Goto conjecture on degrees of generators of syzygy modules, and the Buchsbaum-Eisenbud criterion for exactness of a complex. He has had 25 doctoral students.
Eisenbud's hobbies are juggling (he has written two papers on the mathematics of juggling) and music.
Leonard Eisenbud was a student of Eugene Wigner. He was particularly known for the book, Nuclear Structure (1958), which he co-authored with Wigner. A friend of Paul Erdõs, he once threatened to write a dictionary of "English to Erdõs and Erdõs to English." He was one of the founders of the Physics Department at SUNY Stony Brook, where he taught from 1957 until his retirement in 1983. In later years he became interested in the foundations of quantum mechanics and in the interaction of physics with culture and politics, teaching courses on the anti-science movement. His son, David, was President of the American Mathematical Society 2003-2004
Leonard Eisenbud died Nov. 30, 2004, in Haverford, Pa. He was 91.
Practitioner of science and student of its culture, Leonard earned a doctorate in physics at Princeton, where he studied under Eugene Wigner, who later won a Nobel Prize. Together they wrote Nuclear Structure, a theoretical investigation of the classification of nuclear states.
Recognized for his work on radar during World War II, Leonard had difficulty finding academic work during the McCarthy era. He spent a year at the Institute for Advanced Study in Princeton and took a position at SUNY-Stony Brook in 1958. There he helped found an internationally renowned physics department, serving as its chair for several years in the 1970s. An excellent teacher and mentor, his interests in physics were broad.
He was predeceased by his wife, Ruth-Jean, and leaves behind children and grandchildren.
PAW June 8th, 2005
Name of Passenger Residence Arrived Age on Arrival Passenger Record Ship Manifest Ship Image
1. Kalmann Eisenbud B/Panovice 1897 17 View View View
2. Max Eisenbud Minsk, Russia 1904 24 View View View
3. Meier Eisenbud P/Zsdzowscz 1901 29 View View View
4. Mindel Eisenbud Neswes 1906 17 View View View
5. Rochal Eisenbud P/ Viezwiz 1904 19 View View View