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Eliyahu David Rabinowitz-Teomim
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Elijah David Rabinowitz-Teomim, (1845-1905) also known by his acronym
ADeReT (Hebrew:????? ??? ????????'-?????? ‎; Hebrew acronym: ???"?)
was a Lithuanian rabbi in the 19th century who served as the leader of
the Jewish community of Panev?×ys, as the Rosh Yeshiva of Mir, led the
Ashkenazi community in Jerusalem, and published many brilliant
original arguments in Torah

Rabbi Rabinowitz-Teomim was born in 1843 in the town of in Pikeln and
at the age of five his mother died. From then on his father Rabbi
Benjamin Rabinowitz raised him and his brother Tzvi-Yehudah alone. He
studied Talmud and rabbinics throughout his youth under the tutelage
of his father and by the age of fifteen had acquired a substantial
knowledge of Talmudic and rabbinic literature. In 1875 he was invited
to serve the rabbinate of the town of Panev?×ys. After twenty years in
that rabbinate he was appointed as the Rosh Yeshiva of Mir, where he
served from 1893-1899. He then emigrated to Jerusalem and in 1901 was
appointed as assistant to the aging Rabbi Shmuel Salant who was the
chief rabbi of the Ashkenazi Perushim community in Jerusalem. Rabbi
Rabinowitz-Teomim was also married to Feige Minna who he had seven
children with. His daughter Batsheva married Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook
in 1886, however she died a few years later whereupon Rabbi Rabinowitz
Teomim encouraged Rabbi Kook to marry his niece (the daughter of his
brother Tzvi-Yehudah). Eventually he encouraged Rabbi Kook to become
the Chief Rabbi of Jaffa. He died on the 3rd of Adar, 5665 (Spring,
1905).
Writings

Rabbi Rabinowitz-Teomim was a prolific writer and penned over 120
books. His work includes original insights on Maimonides' Mishneh
Torah, as well as on the Talmud in his works, "Ha-Tebunah," "Kebod
ha-Lebanon," "Ha-?ofeh," "Ha-Maggid," "Keneset ?akme Yisrael," "'I??ur
Soferim," and "Keneset ha-Gedolah." Much of his work has also been
disseminated alongside the works of others to whom he gave his
approbation. Recently several publishing houses have decided to print
his works, thereby spurring renewed interest in his thought. Some of
these texts include, “Seder Eliyahu” an autobiography, “Teffilat
David” an explication of the meaning of the Siddur, “Cheshbonos Shel
Mitzvah” an exposition on the 613 biblical commandments, “Seder
Parshios” a commentary on the weekly portion of the Torah, “Zecher
Lemikdash” a work concerning rabbinic precepts intended to be observed
as a remembrance of the Temple, and many others.


Several centers of Torah education throughout Israel are named after
Rabbi Rabinowitz-Teomim. These include, Yeshivat Aderet Eliyahu which
is a Hareidi yeshiva in the Old City of Jerusalem and the yeshiva high
school in the city of Bat Yam by the name of Yeshivat Bnei Akiva
Aderet.
[edit] References

This article incorporates text from the 1901–1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
article "Rabinowitz, Elijah David ben Benjamin" by Joseph Jacobs and
Benzion Eisenstadt, a publication now in the public domain.