Chasidim of Karlin
[Yiddish, Karliner chasidim] - A Chasidic group founded by Aron
(1736-72), who was known as Aron of Karlin (Aron Karliner), or Aron
the Great, He was a pupil of one of the main Chasidic leaders and
outstanding Talmudist, Dov-Ber of Miedzyrzecze.
Aron's teacher sent him with the mission of spreading Chasidism to the
various corners of Poland. In approximately 1760, he came to Karlin,
near Pinsk. Despite objections from Gaon of Wilno (Eliyah ben Shlomo),
he gained many pupils and founded the first center of Chasidism in
Lithuania. Karliner advocated thorough knowledge of the Torah, and
daily study of the Mishnah. He rejected ascetic practices, and
considered joy and inner contentment as conditions needed in order to
come closer to the Creator. A Jew living joylessly did not, in his
opinion, deserve to enter heaven. It was only possible to achieve a
sense of joy and contentment when man's basic needs had been taken
care of, such as eating, drinking, sleeping and sex.
Most of the Lithuanian tzaddikim had been Karliner's pupils, or his
pupils' pupils. He did not leave any writings; his successors later
preserved his teachings in writing. He wrote the popular Sabbath hymn,
sung by the Chasidim of Karlin and other Lithuanian Chasidic groups.
One of Aron's sons, Yakub, settled in Palestine, where he helped the
Chasidic movement to develop and popularized his father's teachings.
Aron's successor was his youngest son, Asher (1760-1828), a pupil of
Boruch of Miedzyboz and Israel ben Shabtay Hepstein of Kozienice. He
emphasized the importance of studying, and believed everyone should
devote time to their studies insofar as they are able.
Another Karlin tzaddik was Asher's son, Aron, known as "the Second"
(1802-72), who dealt with legal matters related to the observance of
holidays. He stressed the importance of joy and singing, and
introduced instrumental music into the ceremonies of the Chasidim of
Karlin. He was forced by the tsarist authorities to leave Karlin, and
he settled in Stolin in 1908. on the internet
Text from Alina Cala, Hanna Wegrzynek and Gabriela Zalewska:
"Historia i kultura Zydow polskich. Slownik",
Aron the Second's son, Asher the Second (1827-73), succeeded him; his
teachings were strongly influenced by mysticism. His successor was his
five-year-old son, Israel Perlov (1868-1922), known later for his
community work. He also actively supported the development of
religious schools for girls, Beys Yakov. The last of the dynasty was
Israel's oldest son, Abraham Elimelech Perlov, (1891-1942), who
founded a yeshiva of the Karlin Chasidim near Jerusalem. He was killed
in Pinsk by the Nazis, along with other of his family members.
Chasidic groups from Karlin still exist in the United States and