; Mordecai Zvi Mane (1859-1886) "HaMaZYR”

Poet, author  and Artist

Better known as "HaMaZYR המצי"ר " – Habachur Mordecai Zvi Yelid Radoshkovich (The Lad, Mordecai Zvi born in Radoshkovichi.

Nineteen century Jewish  poet and artist. Born in 1857 to Moshe Mane, A Melamed

( a teacher of Jewish studies) and a tombstones engraver.

He studied first with his father and later was sent to study in Yeshivas in Minsk

In Minsk he developed his artist talent and became close to the  “Maskilim”; Hä'skəlä` [Heb.,=enlightenment] Jewish movement in Europe active from the 1770s to the 1880s. Beginning in Germany in the circle of the German Jewish philosopher Moses Mendelssohn and spreading to Galicia and Russia, the Haskalah called for increased secularization of Jewish life through secular learning all in the cause of speeding Jewish emancipation. The proponents of the Haskalah (maskilim) established schools and published periodicals and other works. By publishing in Hebrew, they contributed to the revival of the language.

He moved to Vilna and studied art. At the same time he started writing poetry and articles for the Jewish papers “Hatzfira” and  “Hamelitz.”

In 1884, at the age of 25, he became sick with typhus. He was gravely ill and moved back to his hometown Radishkovichi.

Mane “put Radishkovichi on the map” for the Jewish world. As a Radoshkover writes in the Yizkor book; “.. when I came to Minsk for the first time, people asked where I came from, I answered, "From Radoshkovch" and people would comment, "Ah, Mané's town”.”

 MSaat Nefesh” [Gift of the Soul] was the best known poem of Mordechai Zvi Mane.,. The young poet, who was already very  ill when he wrote it,  expressed his deep longing for Eretz Israel.

To hear it go to; http://www.zemereshet.co.il/song.asp?id=143

We should be ruled by the surrounding quiet calm
That ascends without waking
The solitary, silent mountain peak
Upon which the poet resides.
Alas, who will give me the wings of an eagle!
I also have a struggle to overcome
Like any other human being.
I would like the freedom to come and go.

He passed away at the age of 27.

Poet Mane in the middle surrounded by other people from his hometown.

 His grave is in the old Jewish cemetery in Radoshkovich.

 Before the war the older population took care of his tombstone. And even a small hill outside town, on which he supposedly wrote one of this famous poems, was a site for pilgrimages.

The people who helped Mané achieve his reputation as a painter and a poet, basked in his claim to fame. Reb Avraham Sofer and his son were among the first to notice Mané's talent. The cantor, Shmuel Chiz, from Warsaw was one of Mané's first friends. Another Radishkovichi born author; Arye Leib Shinhaus, was a talented author in many fields, but his most important achievement was Mané's biography. who left this world very young

 

Streest in Tel Aviv, Haifa and Ramat Gan are named after him.

http://www.benyehuda.org/maneh/

.

מרדכי צבי מאנה (1859 - 1886), צייר, סופר ומשורר עברי. נולד בעיירה ראדושקביץ שברוסיה הלבנה. אביו היה מלמד וחורט מצבות עני. למד ב"חדרו" של אביו ולאחר מכן בישיבות מינסק. גילה כשרונות לציור ונטה לתנועת ההשכלה היהודית ונסע לוילנה, ולאחר עמל רב נתקבל שם לבית הספר לציור.

שירתו לירית אינדיבידואלית. פרסם מאמרים ב"המליץ" וב"הצפירה" בכינוי הספרותי המצי"ר ("הבחור מרדכי צבי יליד ראדושקביץ"). בשנת 1884 נתגלו בו סימני שחפת והוא חזר לעיר מולדתו שם נפטר ממחלה זו בגיל 27. בסוף ימיו חיבר את שירו המפורסם ביותר, "משאת נפשי", שבו הביע את כיסופיו לארץ ישראל, בה קיווה למצוא מרפא לגוף ולנפש:

שֶׁמֶשׁ אָבִיב נָטָה יָמָּה

עַד לִקְצוֹת שָׁמַיִם

זִיו חַכְלִילִי הֻצַּק שָׁמָּה

תַּאֲוָה לָעֵינַיִם.

סָבִיב תִּשְׁלֹט שַׁלְוַת הַשְׁקֵט

עָלֶה בַּל יִתְעוֹרֵר,

עַל רֹאשׁ גַּבְנוּן בָּדָד, דּוּמָם

יוֹשֵׁב לוֹ הַמְּשׁוֹרֵר.

...

השיר היה בזמנו אחד הנפוצים ביותר בפי העם היהודי. לאה גולדברג, למשל, מצטטת בית ממנו ברומאן פרי עטה והוא האור. לחנו היווה רקע פתיחה מוזיקלי לתכניות "שרתי לך ארצי" בעריכתו של דן אלמגור, ששודרו בטלוויזיה בשנות השבעים.

על שמו של מרדכי צבי מאנה רחובות בתל אביב ( Maneh מאנה),חיפה (Maneh  Tel תל-מאנה) ורמת גן (המצי"ר HaMzyr).