Vileika from the General Polish Encyclopedia, Volume 27, Warsaw 1867. Publisher S. Orgelbrand Publishing House.
Vileika used to be the main headquarters of the local authorities in Vilna Guberniya in the Oshmany district. Now it is a town in Vilna Guberniya situated on the River Vilja. From historical memories, this town used to be covered by forests and was away from the main roads. After the last division of Poland when they established the Minsk Guberniya in 1795, Vileika became a town in Minsk Guberniya. Since 1841 it has had two market days a week. In 1842, after Kovno Guberniya took over part of Vilna Guberniya, the Vilna Guberniya received the area around Vileika from Minsk together with the town of Vileika, which was built from wooden homes. At this point there was not much commerce in the city. There were 16 stores in town and 12 other mercantile establishments. Other craftsmen only worked on demand, there were 24 of them in 1863. There are two factories for making bricks that produced about 2000 rubles worth of bricks. Most of the residents engage in agricultural work in the village areas. Others deal with rafts on the river, sending merchandise down the river. The town of Vileika consists of 122 and a half Volke. Each Volke is 30 acres. The towns municipal budget is about 4,500 rubles. The district of Vileika contains the eastern part of the Vilna Guberniya, and contains an area of 125 square miles and has 116,753 residents. From that you can gather that there are 918 residents per square mile. The area is divided by the area Vilia, in almost two equal parts north and south. It is also divided into two equal parts with regards to the quality of the land. The southern part has a lot of forests and marshes. The northern part is mountainous and has much less forest. In the northern part, the earth is very good for agriculture. In the lower part, in the south, it is black dirt that is less suitable for agriculture. There are many marshes in the area amongst them the Valkolata (1 sq. mile), and there is also a large amount of lakes, amongst the others Narutz and Sarbetz, who are well-known for their large area. Amongst the rivers other than the Vilia, there is the Berezina. From the entire area of the district, there are 705 and a half Volkot that people live on. There are 14,005.25 acres for forests, there are 3,375.25 for pasture, and 8112 for human habitation. Areas that is not used for lack of water is 2119. 2740 is used for (???).
In the year 1860 there were 212 ,149 heads of livestock. Amongst them, 30,400 horses, 80,000 cows, 52,000 sheep, and 12740 high quality sheep.
From the Jewish Russian Encyclopedia. From Brockhouse and Ephron, 1913.
Vileika central town in the Vilna Guberniya, becme part of the Russian Empire in 1793, and in 1795 established a central town in the Minsk Guberniya. In 1842 became part of the Vilna Guberniya. In the year 1797, there were 926 Jews and 313 Christians. Amongst them there were 31 merchants, all Jews. In the year 1799, there were 815 Jews and 358 Christians, 19 merchants all Jews. 1800 and 1801, there were 900 Jews, 362 Christians, and 28 Jewish merchants. In 1802-1803, there were 970 Jews, 381 Christians, and 36 Jewish merchants.
According to the census of 1897, there were about 200,000 residents in the district, amongst them 19,826 Jews. In the town of Vileika there were 3560 residents and out of them there were 1328 Jews. Dolhinov had 3551 residents, and oiut of this number 2551 were Jews. Radishkovicz had 2614 residents, out of them 1519 were Jews. Labadowa hjad 2275 residents amongst them 1232 Jews. Molodetszna had 2393 residents, Jews 1105.
The most common profession among Jews in the Vileika district was tailoring. There were about 2300 souls that earned their livelihood from tailoring.
1924 the Chalutz Zair was established.
1925 the first Pioneers arrived in Eretz Israel
1926 electricity station established in town
1929 a synagogue of the Mitnagdim established. A Senator from Vilna by the name of Rabbi Itzhak Rubenstein took part.
1931 in the month of Adal, there were was a Keren Kayemet LIsrael meeting during the spring. Sometime later there was a big flood of the Vilia river.
1934 on December 5 there was a meeting of all the Tarbut teachers from the district in the town of Vileika.
1937 they founded a new Tarbut School in Vileika. Amongst those who came was D r. Yakov Vigodsky, head of the Jewish community in Vilna.
1939 June, the Strossa discontinued the Jewish community activities and Betsalel Kretchmer became the commissar for the Jewish community.
1939 September 17, the Soviets annexed the town and made it an oblast. Yoshua Adelman, Nehemya Keller his son-in-lw, Dov Berman and Berl Shulman were arrested by the Soviets.
1940 there was a census of the community and certain people received ID cards that disalllowed them from live in town since they were suspected as anti-Soviet, so they moved to other communities.
1941 June 25, the Germans enter town.
1941 July 12, male residents were gathered and killed in town in the first German action.
1941 August 29-30, Tuesday and Wednesday, some of the towns Jewish residents walked down their last road near the grave by the Majak during the second action.
1942 March 3, during Purim, the last of the residents were gathered and killed. They were burned on Tuesday in the prison in Vileika. This was the third action.
1942 November 12, some Vileikan Jews who were working for the Germans escaped to the forest to join the partisans.
1943 September 23, some Vileikan Jews who were in the Vilna Ghetto were sent to Estonia, as told by a few survivors.
Date: Mon, 07 Aug 2000 03:52:05
Revision lists or Imperial
Russian census reports have been mentioned
Below is a revised listing
of the towns of the Vilieka Uyezd (District).
Many of the towns shown without
map coordinates come from the 1897 French
Town Name Distance and
If you are researching one
of these towns and I have not already written to
Stephen A. Cohen
PS: I am researching the following families:
MARX & LEFEVRE, LEFEBVRE, LEFEBRE:
Date: Tue, 25 Jul 2000 11:04:52
The Vilieka Uyezd (district)
did not exist six weeks ago, but now has over
I recently sent the SIG a listing
of the largest towns of the district and
The following list is from
a statistical analysis of the 1897 All Russia
The book this extract was taken
from was originally published in French
Ville de Vileika 3560
Judging by the population figures,
"Hameu" is "hamlet", "Bourgade"
I don't want to list any town
in the Shtetls of Belarus data base until
If any member of the Belarus
SIG who is researching any of these towns
Stephen A. Cohen
Coordinator: Vilieka Uyezd (district) of Belarus
PS: I am researching the following families:
MARX & LEFEVRE, LEFEBVRE, LEFEBRE: Germany
For Eternal Memorial
Our holy community that will never be forgotten, Vileika, doesnt exist anymore. But with us were left 3 days of memorials and mourning. First on July 12, 1941, the day of the slaughter in the Malony forest, more than 150 male residents of the town were killed there. On the 29th and 30th of August 1941, there was an action that lasted two days. In the brotherly grave of our beloved, near the Majak, more than 250 people, men, women and children perished. On Purim of March 3, 1942, the last slaughter where they killed and burned men, women and children in the back of the district prison of Vileika. By the decision of Vileikan residents now in Israel, the day of memorial for our townspeople was chosen as the day after Shoshan Purim. This was the day we gathered and remembered the martyrs of our town and the surrounding areas who perished. So if you are a native of Vileika or a descendant, our request is that you should read this book during each of the three memorial days for our townspeople. You must read it with intent and learn about the past and do the last request of your relatives and acquaintances who scream from the ground, "Revenge!" Remember and never forget. You must remember what the modern Amalek of our generation did to you. You must tell your sons so that they can tell their sons and the sons of their sons until the end of time what the Nazi Amaleks and their collaborators, may their name be erased, did to our nation. You must light a memorial candle for the souls of the holy relatives. Shed a tear and be one with them. But you must also know you are not alone in the world with your pain. You are together with hundreds of thousands of Jews and your tear is only one tear in the ocean of tears of our suffering nation. Pray for their souls, yidka dal vayitkadash shmaya raba
Date: Wed, 15 Nov 2000 20:58:56
For those who may be interested
in either Disna or Vileika Uyezds, the
"Materialy po istorii i geografii
Disnenskago i Vileiskago uiezdov
loosely translated as "Material
on the history and geography of Disna and
The author was A. [Aleksei]
Sapunov. The book was published in Vitebsk in