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Evgenii Miller

Evgenii Miller
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General Evgenii Miller
General Evgenii Miller

Jevgenij Karlovich Milleé ( September 25, 1867-May 11, 1937 ) was Russian general and one of the leaders of counterrevolutionary White movement during and after Russian Civil War.

Miller was a career officer born in a Russian-German family in Dvinsk (now Daugavpils, Latvia). After he graduated from a military academy he served with Russian Imperial Guard. Between 1898 and 1907 he was a Russian military attach¨¦ in several European capitals such as Rome, The Hague and Brussels. During the First World War headed Moscow military district and 5th Russian army and was promoted to the rank of lieutenant general.

After the February Revolution of 1917 General Miller opposed "democratization" of the Russian army and was arrested by his own soldiers after he ordered them to remove red arm bands.

After the October Bolshevik coup Miller fled to Archangelsk and declared himself Governor-General of Northern Russia. In May of 1919 Admiral Kolchak appointed him to be in charge of the White army in the region. In Archangelsk, Murmansk and Olonets his anti-Bolshevik army was supported by the Entente, mostly British forces. However, after unsuccessful advance against the Red Army along the Northern Dvina in the summer of 1919, British forces withdrew from the region and Miller's men faced the enemy alone.

In February 1920, General Miller left Archangelsk for Norway. Later he moved to France and together with Grand Duke Nicholas and Pyotr Nikolayevich Wrangel continued anti-Bolshevik activity.

Between 1930 and 1937 Miller was a chairmen of the Russian All-Military Union. On September 22, 1937 he was kidnapped in Paris by NKVD agent Nikolai Skoblin working for Inner Line organization.

Evgenii Miller was executed on May 11, 1937 in Moscow. The kidnapping was the subject of a book "The Fear" and later for the film "Triple Agent".