Friedman Family
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Milton Friedman

1930 census;
Sarah Friedman Age; 48 BirthYear;1881 Magyarorszag Head, widow, White Rahway, Union, NJ Owned her home ($14,000) owned a Radio, Hebrew came to the country in 1895 from Hungary
Tillie F Friedman Age;21 BirthYear; 1908   New York, Daughter Rahway, Union, NJ
Helen Friedman Age;20 BirthYear: 1909   New York, Daughter   Rahway, Union, NJ bookkeeper (for some Union)
Ruth Friedman Age;19 BirthYear; 1910   New York, Daughter   Rahway, Union, NJ book keeper ( cork factory)
Milton Friedman Age;17 BirthYear; 1912   New York, Son   Rahway, Union, NJ
1920 census;
Friedman, Saul 41 BirthYear;1878 SLK White Main Street, Rahway, Union, New Jersey , Hebrew, came to the country in 1893 from Udga? Hungary. Merchant (wife; Sara, age 38 came from Beredger? Hungary- daughter: Tillie, age 11,- daughter: Helen age 10,- daughter Ruth age 9- son Milton age 7.)
I was born July 31, 1912, in Brooklyn, N.Y., the fourth and last child and first son of Sarah Ethel (Landau) and Jeno Saul Friedman. My parents were born in Carpatho-Ruthenia (then a province of Austria-Hungary; later, part of inter-war Czechoslovakia, and, currently/1980, of the Soviet Union). They emigrated to the U.S. in their teens, meeting in New York. When I was a year old, my parents moved to Rahway, N.J., a small town about 20 miles from New York City. There, my mother ran a small retail "dry goods" store, while my father engaged in a succession of mostly unsuccessful "jobbing" ventures. The family income was small and highly uncertain; financial crisis was a constant companion. Yet there was always enough to eat, and the family atmosphere was warm and supportive.
Along with my sisters, I attended public elementary and secondary schools, graduating from Rahway High School in 1928, just before my 16th birthday. My father died during my senior year in high school, leaving my mother plus two older sisters to support the family. Nonetheless, it was taken for granted that I would attend college, though, also, that I would have to finance myself.
I was awarded a competitive scholarship to Rutgers University (then a relatively small and predominantly private university receiving limited financial assistance from the State of New Jersey, mostly in the form of such scholarship awards). I was graduated from Rutgers in 1932, financing the rest of my college expenses by the usual mixture of waiting on tables, clerking in a retail store, occasional entrepreneurial ventures, and summer earnings. Initially, I specialized in mathematics, intending to become an actuary, and went so far as to take actuarial examinations, passing several but also failing several. Shortly, however, I became interested in economics, and eventually ended with the equivalent of a major in both fields.
In economics, I had the good fortune to be exposed to two remarkable men: Arthur F. Burns, then teaching at Rutgers while completing his doctoral dissertation for Columbia; and Homer Jones, teaching between spells of graduate work at the University of Chicago. Arthur Burns shaped my understanding of economic research, introduced me to the highest scientific standards, and became a guiding influence on my subsequent career. Homer Jones introduced me to rigorous economic theory, made economics exciting and relevant, and encouraged me to go on to graduate work. On his recommendation, the Chicago Economics Department offered me a tuition scholarship. As it happened, I was also offered a scholarship by Brown University in Applied Mathematics, but, by that time, I had definitely transferred my primary allegiance to economics. Arthur Burns and Homer Jones remain today among my closest and most valued friends.
Though 1932-33, my first year at Chicago, was, financially, my most difficult year; intellectually, it opened new worlds. Jacob Viner, Frank Knight, Henry Schultz, Lloyd Mints, Henry Simons and, equally important, a brilliant group of graduate students from all over the world exposed me to a cosmopolitan and vibrant intellectual atmosphere of a kind that I had never dreamed existed. I have never recovered.
Personally, the most important event of that year was meeting a shy, withdrawn, lovely, and extremely bright fellow economics student, Rose Director. We were married six years later, when our depression fears of where our livelihood would come from had been dissipated, and, in the words of the fairy tale, have lived happily ever after. Rose has been an active partner in all my professional work since that time.
Thanks to Henry Schultz's friendship with Harold Hotelling, I was offered an attractive fellowship at Columbia for the next year. The year at Columbia widened my horizons still further. Harold Hotelling did for mathematical statistics what Jacob Viner had done for economic theory: revealed it to be an integrated logical whole, not a set of cook-book recipes. He also introduced me to rigorous mathematical economics. Wesley C. Mitchell, John M. Clark and others exposed me to an institutional and empirical approach and a view of economic theory that differed sharply from the Chicago view. Here, too, an exceptional group of fellow students were the most effective teachers.
After the year at Columbia, I returned to Chicago, spending a year as research assistant to Henry Schultz who was then completing his classic, The Theory and Measurement of Demand. Equally important, I formed a lifelong friendship with two fellow students, George J. Stigler and W. Allen Wallis.
Allen went first to New Deal Washington. Largely through his efforts, I followed in the summer of 1935, working at the National Resources Committee on the design of a large consumer budget study then under way. This was one of the two principal components of my later Theory of the Consumption Function.
The other came from my next job - at the National Bureau of Economic Research, where I went in the fall of 1937 to assist Simon Kuznets in his studies of professional income. The end result was our jointly published Incomes from Independent Professional Practice, which also served as my doctoral dissertation at Columbia. That book was finished by 1940, but its publication was delayed until after the war because of controversy among some Bureau directors about our conclusion that the medical profession's monopoly powers had raised substantially the incomes of physicians relative to that of dentists. More important, scientifically, that book introduced the concepts of permanent and transitory income.
The catalyst in combining my earlier consumption work with the income analysis in professional incomes into the permanent income hypothesis was a series of fireside conversations at our summer cottage in New Hampshire with my wife and two of our friends, Dorothy S. Brady and Margaret Reid, all of whom were at the time working on consumption.
I spent 1941 to 1943 at the U.S. Treasury Department, working on wartime tax policy, and 1943-45 at Columbia University in a group headed by Harold Hotelling and W. Allen Wallis, working as a mathematical statistician on problems of weapon design, military tactics, and metallurgical experiments. My capacity as a mathematical statistician undoubtedly reached its zenith on V. E. Day, 1945.
In 1945, I joined George Stigler at the University of Minnesota, from which he had been on leave. After one year there, I accepted an offer from the University of Chicago to teach economic theory, a position opened up by Jacob Viner's departure for Princeton. Chicago has been my intellectual home ever since. At about the same time, Arthur Burns, then director of research at the National Bureau, persuaded me to rejoin the Bureau's staff and take responsibility for their study of the role of money in the business cycle.
The combination of Chicago and the Bureau has been highly productive. At Chicago, I established a "Workshop in Money and Banking". which has enabled our monetary studies to be a cumulative body of work to which many have contributed, rather than a one-man project. I have been fortunate in its participants, who include, I am proud to say, a large fraction of all the leading contributors to the revival in monetary studies that has been such a striking development in our science in the past two decades. At the Bureau, I was supported by Anna J. Schwartz, who brought an economic historian's skill, and an incredible capacity for painstaking attention to detail, to supplement my theoretical propensities. Our work on monetary history and statistics has been enriched and supplemented by both the empirical studies and the theoretical developments that have grown out of the Chicago Workshop.
In the fall of 1950, I spent a quarter in Paris as a consultant to the U.S. governmental agency administering the Marshall Plan. My major assignment was to study the Schuman Plan, the precursor of the common market. This was the origin of my interest in floating exchange rates, since I concluded that a common market would inevitably founder without floating exchange rates. My essay, The Case for Flexible Exchange Rates, was one product.
During the academic year 1953-54, I was a Fulbright Visiting Professor at Gonville & Caius College, Cambridge University. Because my liberal policy views were "extreme" by any Cambridge standards, I was acceptable to, and able greatly to profit from, both groups into which Cambridge economics was tragically and very deeply divided: D.H. Robertson and the "anti-Keynesians"; Joan Robinson, Richard Kahn and the Keynesian majority.
Beginning in the early 1960s, I was increasingly drawn into the public arena, serving in 1964 as an economic adviser to Senator Goldwater in his unsuccessful quest for the presidency, and, in 1968, as one of a committee of economic advisers during Richard Nixon's successful quest. In 1966, I began to write a triweekly column on current affairs for Newsweek magazine, alternating with Paul Samuelson and Henry Wallich. However, these public activities have remained a minor avocation - I have consistently refused offers of full-time positions in Washington. My primary interest continues to be my scientific work.
In 1977, I retire from active teaching at the University of Chicago, though retaining a link with the Department and its research activities. Thereafter, I shall continue to spend spring and summer months at our second home in Vermont, where I have ready access to the library at Dartmouth College - and autumn and winter months as a Senior Research Fellow at the Hoover lnstitution of Stanford University.
From Nobel Lectures, Economics 1969-1980, World Scientific Publishing Co., Singapore
for more information go to http://www.ideachannel.com/Friedman.htm

David D. Friedman's Home Page (son of Milton and Rose, Professor of Law
at Santa Clara University) http://www.daviddfriedman.com/index.shtmlJEWISH NOBEL PRIZE WINNERS IN ECONOMICS (41% of world total, 53% of US total) Paul Samuelson (1970) , Simon Kuznets (1971) , Kenneth Arrow (1972) , Wassily Leontief 1 (1973) , Leonid Kantorovich (1975), Milton Friedman (1976) , Herbert Simon 2 (1978) , Lawrence Klein (1980) , Franco Modigliani (1985) , Robert Solow (1987), Harry Markowitz (1990), Merton Miller 3 (1990) , Gary Becker (1992) , Robert Fogel 4 (1993) , John Harsanyi 5 (1994)
Reinhard Selten 6 (1994) , Robert Merton 7 (1997) , Myron Scholes 8 (1997)
George Akerlof 9 (2001) , Joseph Stiglitz 10 (2001) , Daniel Kahneman 11 (2002) 

1. Jewish mother, non-Jewish father; see Genia and Wassily by Estelle Marks Leontief, Zephyr Press, Sommerville, MA, 1987, pp. 8 and 18.
2. Jewish father,  mother of partial Jewish ancestry, self-identifies as a Jew, although not religiously; see Models of My Life by Herbert A. Simon, BasicBooks, New York,NY, 1991, pp. 3, 17, 112, 262.
3. See Jewish-American History and Culture: An Encyclopedia by Jack Fischel and Sanford Pinsker (eds.), Garland, New York, NY, 1992;  The Timetables of Jewish History by Judah Gribetz, Simon and Schuster, New York, NY, 1993, p. 713. Who's Who in American Jewry, 1938 contains a self-submitted entry for Miller's father, Joel Lewis Miller.
4. See December 1993 issue of Cornell Magazine, where Fogel is described as being "the son of Russian-Jewish immigrants" in an article entitled Outstanding in Distant Fields, by Daniel Gross.
5. Son of Hungarian-Jewish parents who converted to Catholicism the year before Harsanyi's birth.  See Berkeley Economist Shares Nobel  in the October 12, 1994 edition (p. A1) of The San Francisco Chronicle; Nobel winner was saved from Nazis by Jesuit priest  in the October 21, 1994 issue (p. 8) of The Northern California Jewish Bulletin; and http://www.nobel.se/economics/laureates/1994/harsanyi-autobio.html.
6. Jewish father, non-Jewish mother; see http://www.nobel.se/economics/laureates/1994/selten-autobio.html.
7. Jewish father (eminent Columbia University sociologist Robert King Merton, born Meyer Robert Schkolnick; see http://www.kfunigraz.ac.at/sozwww/agsoe/lexikon/klassiker/merton/33bio.htm), non-Jewish mother.
8. The September 16, 1998 on-line edition of The Hamilton Spectator states the Scholes was active in Hillel at McMaster University.  See also: http://www.jewishsf.com/bk971017/sbwhiz.htm.
9. Jewish mother (née Hirschfelder), non-Jewish father; see  http://www.jewishsf.com/bk011012/sfp7.shtml.
10. Identification based on Stiglitz's surname (father's full name: Nathaniel David Stiglitz) and his mother's maiden name (Fishman), both being strictly Jewish spellings of the generally Jewish names "Sti(e)glitz" and "Fis(c)hman(n)."  See A Dictionary of Surnames, by Patrick Hanks and Flavia Hodges (Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1988).
11. See http://www.princeton.edu/~psych/PsychSite/fac_kahneman.html.
12. Ragnar Frisch (1969) appears on a number of Jewish lists. This claim appears to originate from an entry in the H.W. Wilson biographical dictionary of Nobel Prize Winners (H.W. Wilson Co., New York, NY, 1987) which states that Frisch "was imprisoned during the Nazi occupation of Norway as an outspoken opponent of Nazism and as a Jew."  We remain unconvinced; the claim conflicts with Frisch's family history in Norway, which traces back many centuries (Jews were banned from settlement in Norway until 1851), and with the description of Frisch as "a devout Christian" in The New Palgrave: A Dictionary of Economics, Volume 2, (John Eatwell, Murray Milgate, and Peter Newman (eds.), Stockton Press, New York, NY, 1987, p. 430). Friedrich von Hayek (1974) is described as being Jewish in a number of sources (e.g., From Marx to Mises by David Ramsay Steele, Open Court, La Salle, IL, 1992, p. 401).  This misidentification is due, in part, to his having been the cousin of Ludwig Wittgenstein (through, it turns out, Wittgenstein's one non-Jewish grandparent), and his leadership (with von Mises, who was Jewish) of the mostly Jewish Austrian School of economics.  In Hayek on Hayek (University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL, 1994, pp. 61-62), however, Hayek states that none of his ancestors appear to have been Jewish. Information is being sought on the possible Jewish ancestry of James Tobin (1981).  
taken from; SimpleToRemember.com - Judaism Online

#fdm-8:reunion of family from Dolhinov
#fdm-9:reunion 2003
#fdm-10:Sylvia Carmel (Dolhinov family reunion, 2003)
#fdm-12:Milton and Rose Friedman


Leslie Gordon testifying at the trial of Adolf Eichmann in the
District Court of Jerusalem

Laurie Gordon (chiwawa@sympatico.ca)
: Hi,
My now deceased father Leslie Gordon (Eichmann Trial witness) last name
was not really Gordon as he is listed here on this website. His last name was
Freedman (sp?). He changed his name to Gordon during the war as not to "sound
Jewish". The reason I mention this is in case anyone who is a Freedman may look
for him (me his daughter Laurette - Laurie) and never find him under Gordon.


Ester Fridman was born in Wilejka, Poland in 1932 to Betzalel and Berta nee Svirski. She was a child. During the war she was in Wilejka, Poland. Ester was murdered/perished in 1942 in Wilejka, Poland at the age of 10. This information is based on a Page of Testimony (displayed on left) submitted by her cousin.

 New Book: David FRIEDMANN, Artist of the Forgotten Generation

I am pleased to announce a book about my father David FRIEDMANN.
Thanks to clues in his letters and my persistence and research, Detlef
LORENZ found an amazing treasure of 200 portraits and drawings
published in the program magazine for all German radio listeners "Der
Deutsche Rundfunk". He diligently photographed the collection and
compiled the biographies of the subjects and this material along with
discovered portraits in the newspapers, evolved into the book:

David FRIEDMANN (1893-1980)
Ein Berliner Pressezeichner der 1920er Jahre
(David Friedmann, A Berlin Press Artist of the 1920's)
By Detlef Lorenz. Verlag Hentrich & Hentrich, Berlin 2008
Juedische Miniaturen 69
ISBN 978-3-938485-77-4

The painter and graphic artist David FRIEDMANN lived in Berlin from
1911 and was a student of Herrmann STRUCK (etching) and Lovis CORINTH
(painting). Until the Nazis came to power in 1933, FRIEDMANN was a
successful artist producing late impressionist landscapes, still lifes,
and nudes. In 1938, he fled with his young family to Prague only to be
deported in 1941 to the Lodz Ghetto and then in 1944 to Auschwitz.
Almost all his works were confiscated by the Gestapo and presumably
destroyed. His wife and little daughter were murdered by the Nazis.
FRIEDMANN survived and painted his memories of the ghetto and
concentration camps. Later he remarried and via Israel, came to the
United States, where he died after a lifetime of achievement.

During the roaring 1920s, Berlin was a city of newspapers. Newspapers
appeared several times a day and were the main informational medium for
this vibrant city. At that time, sketch artists produced images for the
press because they were quicker and more agile than photographers with
their elaborate equipment. FRIEDMANN, who had a reputation as a
brilliant and respected portraitist, had the opportunity in 1924 to
sketch, mainly portraits, for various newspapers and magazines.
According to his own account, he portrayed hundreds of personalities
from the theater, and in music, politics, and sports. This volume shows
a small selection including Arnold SCHOENBERG, Georg SZELL, Wolfgang
SLEZAK, Curt BOIS, Carl EBERT, Emanuel LASKER, among others.

For more information about the portraits and other info about the
artist, please see:

Also, a new page has been added to the David FRIEDMANN Website about my
Search for his Lost Art:


Stolpersteine: Paderborner Strasse 9, Berlin

I came across your page about the Friedmans.  Listed on that page was Milton Friedman.  He was my uncle and his father Jeno was my grandfather.

Jeno's name was not originally Friedman.  I can't tell you what it was but I do know he went to stay with his half brother in Budapest.  His half brother's name was Friedman so he became Friedman.  Whenever anyone contacted Milton and claimed to be a relative because of the Friedman name, Milton would write back that his family name was not Friedman.
Jerry Porter

Jeno Saul Friedman
circa 1878
Berehove, Zakarpats'ka oblast, Ukraine
November 1, 1927 (49)
Rahway, New Jersey, United States
Immediate Family:
Husband of Sarah Ethel Landau
Father of Tillie Florence Porter; Helen Friedman; Ruth Rosker and Milton Friedman, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, 1976

Milton Friedman, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, 1976 MP
Place of Burial:
Beth David Cemetery, Elmont, NY, USA
July 31, 1912
Brooklyn, New York, United States
November 16, 2006 (94)
San Francisco, California, United States (Heart failure)
Immediate Family:
Son of Jeno Saul Friedman and Sarah Ethel Landau
Husband of Rose Friedman
Father of David Friedman and Janet Martel
Brother of Tillie Florence Porter; Helen Friedman and Ruth Rosker
Added by:
Gerald J. Porter on January 24, 2009

How are you related?
Path search in progress. If we find a path, we will notify you.


Sarah Ethel Landau
your relative?

Sarah Ethel Landau
Place of Burial:
Staten Island, New York, United States
September 22, 1878
Berehove, Zakarpats'ka oblast, Ukraine
January 1952 (73)
Rahway, New Jersey, United States
Immediate Family:
Daughter of David Landau and Tobe Freida Landau
Wife of Jeno Saul Friedman
Mother of Tillie Florence Porter; Helen Friedman; Ruth Rosker and Milton Friedman, Nobel Memorial Prize in Economic Sciences, 1976
Sister of Anna (Honi) Landau; William Landau; Esther Grossman and Helen Austin
Half sister of Yolan Fisher; Eugene Landau and Esther Landau
Added by:
Gerald J. Porter on January 24, 2009