Druya, Disna uyezd, Vitebsk gubernia (Belarus)
130.1 miles N NW of Minsk ON THE BORDER OF BELARUS AND LATVIA
Latitude: 55º47' Longitude: 27º27'
Also known as Druja
Location: small town in Belorussia
Jewish Presence: first mentioned in the 16th century
Jewish Population in 1939: 1,500
Fate of Jews during WWII: the Nazis ghettoized the Jews. In June 1942 ghetto was destroyed. Some escaped to the forests. 50-60 survived
Click on Photos to Enlarge
The 1950s' Yizkor book translation
Read Druya 1976 original Yizkor book (online)
Translation of the Druya Yizkor book from the 1970s ( please help in
geting more chapters translated)
Please share your comments or photos or links for posting on our Guestbook Page here: email@example.com
The Disna Uyezd Research Group is happy to have made available to its
members translations of the 1850 Revision List for the shtetlach of
Bildziugi, Disna, Druya, Germanovici, Glubokoye, Golubicy, Leonpol,
Plisa, Postovy, Sharkovshina, finally Luzhek.
Translations were sent to each member
best regards,Batya Matzkin Olsen, Concord, Massachusetts USA
Facebook page for Druya:
Family Portraits (originated predominantly in the Vilna region)
Abramowicz | Abramson | Adler | Albin | Alperovitz | Alter | Arotzker | Avnaim | Axelrod | Baksht| Barbakov | Basok | Belkind | Berger | Berkman | Berkovitz | Berlin | Berman | Bernstein | Berzon | Bloch | Bobrowicz | Bogin | Botwinik | Bozparozbany | Bronitsky | Bronstein | Brudner | Brudno | Budgor | Budovnitz | Bumstein | Bunimovitz | Chabas | Cahanovitz | Chadash | Chagall | Chait | Chayklin | Chedekel | Cheres | Chomsky | Chosid | Codosh | Costrell | Cugell | Danishevski | Dardak | Davidson| Deitch | Demsky | Deutsch | Dikenstein | Dimenstein | Dinnerstein | Diskin | Dlot | Dokshitzki | Dolgow | Dorfan | Drenger | Dubin| Dudman | Durmashkin | Dworzecki | Eidelman | Eishiski | Ekman | Elyashiv | Epstein | Erenburg | Etkind | Evans | Falk | Farberman | Feigel | Ferber | Feygelson | Flant | Frankfurt | Friedman | Furman | Futerfas | Garber | Garfinkel | Gdud | Gelman | Gershovitz | Gershwin | Gerstein | Ginsburg | Gitelzon | Gitlin | Gitlitz | Gold | Goldman | Golob | Gordin | Gordon | Greenholtz | Greenhouse| Grosbein | Grundfest | Gurevitz | Gutman | Harkavy | Hayutin | Heifetz | Helberg | Hillman | Hochstein | Hofenberg | Hoffman | Isaacson | Jackan | Jaffe | Kagan | Kaganovich | Kahan | Kalka | Kamenetsky | Kanterovitz | Kantor | Kapit | Kaplan | Katz | Katzowitz | Kazalovski | Kivilovitz | Klaczko | Klausner | Kline | Klingberg | Kopilovitz | Kosovsky | Kotler | Kowarski | Kramnik | Krechmer | Kremer | Kriger | Krivitsky | Kulbak | Kugel | Kunstler | Kuperstock | Kur | Kuzenitz | Landau | Lane | Laskov | Lavit | Leibmann | Levin | Levitan | Liff | Lifshitz | Limon | Lipetz | Lipson | Lunin | Luria | Luntz | Macht | Magid | Maisel | Malishkevitz | Malkin | Mandel | Meirovitz | Melamed | Meltzer | Milchan | Milikowsky | Mordehowicz | Norman | Oshri | Pablovsky | Papkin | Parlov | Pearlman | Penski | Perlin | Persky | Peschkowsky | Pintov | Podberesky| Pokempner | Pont | Popel | Potashnik| Ptalis | Pupkin | Rabin | Rabinovitz| Rabunski | Raichel |Rakower | Reitshtein | Reznik | Riar | Rogovin | Rogozin | Rolnik | Romm | Rosen | Rosenberg | Rosenblum | Rosenson | Rubin | Rubinson | Rubinstein | Ruderman | Rutkowski | Sacks | Sandler | Schlesinger | Schneerson | Schreibman | Segal | Shapiro | Sharett | Sheinhous | Shenker | Shepsenwohl | Shereshevsky | Shertok | Shiff | Shimshelvitz | Shiniyuk | Shmukler | Shochat | Shorr | Shperber | Shpringer | Shriro | Shubitz | Shulman | Shuster | Simon | Sklut | Skolnick | Slutsky | Smorgonski | Sobol | Soloveichik | Sosensky | Sparber | Spektor | Spilka |Spreiregen | Srebnik | Strashun | Streisand | Strunsky | Stupel | Sud | Sutzkever | Swirsky | Szewach | Szyszko | Tabachovitz | Taibel | Tarshish | Tauger | Teitz | Turov | Twersky | Vaksmakher | Vand Polak | Viniar | Vishniak | Volansky | Volcani | Wainer | Weinberg | Weindling | Weisbord | Wilder | Wilkanski | Wolfowich | Wouk | Yafe | Yatzkan | Yudelowitz | Zaltzman| Zandman | Zavodnick | Zecharia | Zeidlin | Zelmanovich | Zimbal | Zimmerman | Ziskind | Zuckerman | Zusman
Druya views by Leon Koll: http://capital.lk.net/%7Eleonkoll/pryanikov/druya.html
Druya from other Internet sources;
Early Communal History
Small town in Belarus, near the Lithuanian border. The Jewish community is mentioned in the 16th century. Many Jews there were occupied in the local soap industry. The community numbered 1,305 in 1766; 2,366 in 1847; 3,006 in 1897 (out of a total population of 4,742); 1,011 (41) in 1921; and 1,800 in 1925. The author Alter Druyanow was born in Druya.
The Holocaust Period
On the eve of World War II the Jewish population of Druya numbered about 1,500. Between October 1939 and June 1941 Druya was occupied by the Soviets. On July 6, 1941, after the outbreak of the German-Soviet war, the Germans entered the town. During the first days of the war many people accused of allegiance to the Soviets were killed. In the spring of 1942 a ghetto was created. On June 17, 1942, the Germans surrounded the ghetto in order to liquidate it. The inhabitants tried to break out and some groups succeeded in reaching the forests. In order to prevent a mass escape, the Germans shot at Jews and set the ghetto aflame. Some of those who escaped to the forest joined the partisans around the village of Balnia and participated in activities against the Germans. Courtesy of:
Â©1972, Keter Publishing House Jerusalem Ltd
[Source: Swartz firstname.lastname@example.org ] Located at 5547 2727 in Vitebsk Oblast, 130.1 miles N of Minsk. Alternate names: DRUJA, near the Latvian border. Thanks to the support of Druja descendents in Israel and the United States, we have been able to clear all undergrowth and bushes and reset the nearly five hundred stones which had fallen over during the last 57 years. Incredibly these stones are painted in bright hues of white, red, yellow and blue to accentuate the carvings. The surrounding soil had preserved both the stone ornamentation and pigmentation. Now that the stones are upright once more we are very concerned that exposure to the atmosphere will cause the paint to flake and fade. These stones are the only painted stones I have encountered here. If anyone has any experience in the conservation of this type of artifact I will be grateful for advice. Source: Belarus SIG Archives and Franklin J. Swartz email@example.com
Sefer Druya ve-kehilot Miory, Druysk ve-Leonpol [The book of Druya and the communities of Miory, Druysk and Leonpol] /Ed. M.Â Neishtat. Tel Aviv: Druya and Surrounding Region Society, 1973. 255Â p., ill. (H, Y). Mordekhai Neishtat
Druja and Surrounding Region Society
Disna district.Â Disna
Uezd Research Group offers the translation of the 1850 Revision List
for the town of Druya to DURG members.Â Check outÂ http://www.jewishgen.org/BELARUS/shtetls/sdisna.htmÂ
On Saturday nights, even
in the summer when the Sabbath went out very late, the Jews of Filipan
gathered in the house of Gedalla the blacksmith. He was the tallest
in town, and the only â€man of the world,â€?
the only Filipan Jew who had traveled further than Varnyan in one direction
and Astrovetz in the other. There was no blacksmith like him in Lithuania.
He made round iron bands for the rims of wooden wagon wheels. From spring
to autumn he traveled as far as Druya up north and Valozhin down south.
People gave him wheels and he took them back to his smithy in Filipan;
weeks later, he returned them beautifully forged all around. A wheel
done by him never needed to be banded again.Yiddish Short Story - From
Lithuania for the entire story;
Pryanikov Family This pages
are about the famililes that - I believe - are related
A list of Jewish Belarusan
victims of Stalin's purges------Alterman Neukh Zalmanov- Shlemov 1868
Information mentioned about
Kalman Taicz wrote on Friday, June 15, 2007;
| Dear Friends,
> Everybody, who is receiving this letter, should have
> ancestors from shtetl Druya, which is located at the
> border zone between Belorussia and Lithuania, on
> Belarusian side.
> Recently with the help of Druya descendants who
> currently live in US and Israel, 17th century Jewish
> cemetery was restored. Also at the place of execution
> Druya's Jewish residents during the WW2, new Holocaust
> memorial was constructed. Although currently there is
> no Jewish population in Druya, local authorities and
> students are taking care of restored Jewish heritage
> In Druya there is a 19th century building of former
> synagogue, which survived WW2. After the war the
> synagogue's building was converted into a bath-house.
> For the past 9 years the building is abandoned. Time
> and lack of maintenance did the job. Today this
> building in the center of Druya is crying for help.
> In June, when I was visiting Druya, I had a meeting
> with Mr. Alexander Belun- Mayer of this town. He told
> me that prime-minister of Belarus is scheduled to
> visit Druya in the summer of 2008. By that time all
> towns' buildings need to be restored and painted, or
> demolished. It means that we can lose a part of our
> heritage, which connects us with previous generations,
> who used to live in Druya more than for 400 years.
> Local administration is asking for $7,000 to repair
> the front of the building and the roof.
> Our Jewish Heritage Research group is ready to
> coordinate and supervise the project, which will begin
> in the spring of 2008.
> We urge you not to pass on the opportunity to preserve
> the 19th century building of synagogue in Druya, which
> serves us as a reminder of our Jewish heritage.
> For American residents all contributions are tax
> Best regards,