eilatgordinlevitan.com
Kurenets/Kurenitz/Kureniec
Latitude: 5433' Longtitude: 2627'
Click on Photos to Enlarge

#kur-1:

The Youth Movement by The Rock

#kur-2:

Kurenets soccer team 1920s

#kur-3:

Kurenets during World War I

#kur-4:

Nursery School run by Rashka Shulman c.1931

#kur-5:

A Theatrical Production in Kurenets c.1930

#kur-6:

Gurevitch Family

#kur-7:

PTA members of Kurenets' Tarbut School

#kur-8:

Summer camp 1920. Second from left; Bela daughter of Aharon and Rachel Shulman, third from left; Chana daughter of Naftali Alperovich

#kur-9:

Kurenitz firefighters' parade.

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#kur-14:

Youth Movement

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#kur-16:

The Alperovitz family

#kur-17:

Meeting of Kurenets natives in Israel after the war.

#kur-18:

Pictures and mementos from Kureneters from around the world

#kur-19

Maryna Zhauniarovich <marina_sea88@mail.ru> wrote;
I was interviewing older people of Kurenets to find out the names of the people in the pictures you've sent to me. The lowest row, left to right: ?, Sycheva Liuda (Liudmila),Zakharevich Galina Ivanovna, class teacher (lives in Kurenets now), Buter Galya (Galina), Balush Zoya (Zinaida), Meir Even nee Reitshtein ( now in Israel, picture given by his family). The middle, right to left: 1st - ?, Bohan Zhora, Polyushkevich Valentina (Valya), Zheltko Alla, Neretina Tamara, Semenkovich Yasha Upper row, left to right: Skripko Kolya (Nikolay), ?, ?, Syrokvash Regina, Shubertiy Zhora (Georgiy)

#kur-20:

Shurik Kurenetz School

Kurenets after the war; Shurik CARMEL (nee Alex REITSHTEIN) is third from the bottom right.

#kur-21:The bodies of 54 Jews from Kurenets who were murdered during the Nazi occupation, exhumed to be transferred to the town's cemetery for reburial. Photographed in 1956.

#kur-22:

A partisan unit during the war. Moshe Kramer of Kurenets is amongst
them.

#kur-23:

Before the war.

#kur-24:

Family and friends returned to Kurenets in order to relocate the remains of ones they had lost. Gutel Gordon is in front.

#kur-25:

Family and friends returned to Kurenets in order to relocate the remains of ones they had lost.

#kur-26:

Family and friends returned to Kurenets in order to relocate the remains of ones they had lost.

#kur-27:

Family and friends returned to Kurenets in order to relocate the remains of ones they had lost.

#kur-28:

Chiale and Stanley Sosensky. Brave Chiale perished on 9/9/42 in Kurenets

#kur-29:

Jehuda Cheres.
He was born in 1938 in Kushnitz near Vilnius (Vilna), the son of
Shalom and Sofia. His parents were partisans; his mother fell in combat. Jehuda came to the Coordinatsia from the USSR. Album 54, No. 373.
Note: The Coordinatsia was the Zionist organization for the discovery and
recovery of Jewish children in Poland who had been placed with non -
Jews during the war.

#kur-30:

Emma and Edna Zivoni visit Kurenets before the war.

#kur-31:

Family and friends returned to Kurenets in order to relocate the remains of ones they had lost. This mission was carried out in secret for fear that the government would disallow their efforts or that people living in the surrounding area would return to search the remains for riches as they had done before. the surviving Jews of kurenets in the 1950s' taking the bones of their slaughtered brothers and sisters to a Jewish burial. on the top right picture, left to right; Leizer Shulman, Gutel Gordon,Zelig Liberman,Moshe Liberman, Aba Naruzki, Akiva Levin, Meir Mekler, yitzhak Fidler, Yankle Alperovich, Orzhik Alperovich, Moshe Mordechai Dinerstein, David Zimerman. picture on top left- left to right; yankle Alperovich, yizhak fidler, Meir Mekler, Zelig Liberman,Aba Naruzki, Moshe Liberman

#kur-32:

During the German occupation in the first world war (1917), with the German teacher bottom left to right; Leika Meirovitz, Chana Alperovitz, Batia nee Gurevitz Bender, Rachel Alperovitz, Ema nee Alperovitz Zivoni. middle; Henya (Menachem Mendel's) Kramer, ?, The German teacher, Feygel Alperovitz, Frumka Meirovitz, ?, Feya nee Alperovitz Rubin, the boy is the son of Zipilovitz. others are unknown.

#kur-33:

#so6: Ken Hashomer Hatzair (Socialist- Zionist youth movement) Kurenets 1929; sitting right to left:Sara nee Meirovitz Eizen, Luba nee Gurevich Bardan, Zlata Zimerman, Chana Alperovich, Bela Meltzer, Batya daughter of Rabbi Oshpol, Chaya Sara Shmukler, Dvusha Kopilevitz, Daughter of Shlomo Mayzel, Fraydel Zimerman. Second line sitting; r to l :Michael Meirovitch, Shlomke Alperovitz, Nechamia Alperovitch, Israel Gvint, Dvushel Zokovski, Aharon Meirovitch, Yitzhak Gurfinkel, ?, Hirshel Alperovitch, Eliyahu Zimerman, Standing next; Yechiel Alperovitch, ?, Third row right to left; Zev (Wolf) Rabunski, Henya Dimenstein, Chaim Yitzhak Zimerman, Shlomo Mindel, Shmuel Limon, Yermiyahu Alperovitz, Shimshon Zimerman, Velvel Rodinski, Aharon Alperovitz, Yakov Dinerstein, Yosef Markman. Top row R to L; ?,?,?, Rosa nee Chosid Rabunski, Mendel Levins' daughter, Menuchka Kopilovitch, Chaya Altman, ?,?, Sara Eisak.

#kur-34:

A group of Jewish partisans in the forests of the Polotsk (Polatsk) Belarus.Most of them from Kurenets; Alperowicz Shimon, Dinersteinsisters; Jente and Rachel; Makarow Dina, Dr.Cirinski Meir, Kalminski Ze'ev

#kur-35:

Rabbi Yaakov Landau Z"L ( Av Beit Din of Bnai Brak) was born in
Kurenets to Rabbi Moshe. He was the Rabbi of Kurenets before the first
world war.You could read his story at the Yizkor book.

#kur-36:

Sitting second from the right; Malka Kremer. Malka perished with her
husband and daughter in 1942. To her left; Bela Gurevitz ( nee
Shulman) To her left; Bat Sheva ( nee Shapira?) Bat Sheva perished
with her family in 1942

#kur-37:

Moshe Alperoviz was born in Kornitz in 1898 to Haim and Hinde nee Shmoelzon. He was a merchant and married to Sonia. Prior to WWII he lived in Kornitz, Poland. During the war he was in Kornitz, Poland. Moshe perished in 1943 in Narocz, Poland at the age of 45. This information is based on a Page of Testimony submitted by his granddaughter Sarah

#kur-38:

Ite Chodosh nee Budgor was born in Svir to Motl and Henie nee Patashnik. She was married. Prior to WWII she lived in Kurnic, Poland. During the war she was in Ghetto. Ite perished in the Shoah. This information is based on a Page of Testimony (displayed on left) submitted on 01-Dec-2007 by her niece Esther Levingston, a Shoah survivor

tan

#kur-39:

Maryna Zhauniarovich wrote;.. I was interviewing older people of Kurenets to find out the names of the people in the pictures you've sent to me
Upper row, left to right: Reznichenko Nikolai Dmitrievich, a teacher of labor
2nd - Zheltko Petya (Petr), 3rd - Bohan Zhora (Georgiy), 4th - Reznichenko Lenya (Leonid), 5th -Alperovich Abram, 6th - Shabunya Lesha (Alexei)
7th - Shubertiy Zhora (the son of the only Jew left in Kurenets nowadays)
8th-9th - unrecognized, 10th - Mikhailov Petr Mikhailovich, PE teacher
Lower row, left to right: 1st - Milkoto Shurik (Alexander),2nd - Poznyakov Valera (Valeriy), 3rd - Soloviov Sasha (Alexander), 4th - Soloviov Vitya (Viktor)

-------------

#kur-39, and few of the persons specified are incorrect. I was
present at the football match, riding my bike to Vileyka to be one of
the 2 spectators of the match from Kurenetz ( with Petya
Polyushkevich). (I marked the variation to the original text).

Upper row, left to right:
Reznichenko Nikolai Dmitrievich, a teacher of labor
2nd - Zheltko Petya (Petr),
3rd - Kudin Anatoliy (Tolik),
4th - Reznichenko Lenya (Leonid),
5th -Alperovich Abram,
6th - Sokolovsky Vladik
7th - Shabunya Lesha (Alexei)
8th - Shubertiy Zhora (the son of the only Jew left in Kurenets nowadays)
9th - Mikhailov Valera, the son of the teacher (#10)
10th - Mikhailov Petr Mikhailovich, PE teacher
Lower row, left to right: 1st - Milkoto Shurik (Alexander),2nd -
Poznyakov Valera (Valeriy), 3rd - Soloviov Sasha (Alexander), 4th -
Soloviov Vitya (Viktor)

Shlomo Alperovich

Alperovich
Kurenets

#kur-40:

Moshe David Alperovitz and his second wife.
He was a son of Abraham Gedalyahu/Eliyahu Alperovitz,
who was born in Kurenets in about 1835. Abraham Gedalyahu/Eliyahu Alperovitz descends from one of the younger sons of Abram (~1680-1740); the given name of this younger son is Anshel (~1720-before 1767). This Abram apparently lived in the first Jewish house of Kurenets (Registration No. 1). He was most likely one of the first founders of Jewish
settlement in Kurenets, in about 1700 ( information; Andi Ziegelman)
. Picture was sent by Joel Alpert

#kur-41:

#kur-42:

Hashomer Hatzair Kurenets

Kurenets
Kurenets
Kurenets

#kur-43:

Members of Hashomer Hazair in Kurenets in 1929.

#kur-44:

Members of Hashomer Hazair

#kur-45:

Maurice Leo Zimmerman 
Birth:
February 2, 1898
Kurenets, Minsk Province, Belarus
Death:
March 10, 1983 (85)
New Haven

Son of Yosef Zimerman and Itke Zimerman
Husband of Minnie Zimmerman
Father of Sherman Zimmerman and Robert Zimmerma

#kur-46:

 

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#kur-48:

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The Yizkor Book
Kurenets Map | Kurenets Stories | Related Links | Kurenets Partisans | JEWS IN LIEPAJA/LATVIA, 1941-45 | Kurenetser's Memorial in Israel (Hebrew) | 1929 business directory for Kurenets/Kureniec by;Tikhon Bykov | Old Scenes - Part 1 | Old Scenes - Part 2 | New Scenes - Part 1 | New Scenes - Part 2 | New Scenes - Pictorial Story | Letters | Kurenets After the War | Revision List of 1874 | 1929 Business Directory | Krivichi and Kurenitz Benevolent Societies | Ellis Island passengers list from Kurenets | Read the original Yizkor book in Hebrew | YAD VASHEM' LIST OF KURENETS MARTYRS | View Pages of Testimony from Yad Vashem | Archival Information | Do You Recognize? | Survivor's testimony as recorded by Spielberg's Shoah Foundation | Kurenets Family Trees | Kurenitzers who moved to Kaunas | Kurenets Jewish refugees in Italy ||
Revisionist Lists
1816 | 1834 | 1850a | 1850b | Kurenets Revisionist Lists 1850 | Registered in Smorgon from Kurenets Jewish community, Vileika district
Kurenets Natives and Descendants in these Localities:
Kurenets Portraits
More Photo Essays
Family Portraits (originated predominantly in the Vilna region)

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Jewish Leaders | General History

Kurenets/Kurenitz Baruch Zukerman, 1955

Baruch ZUCKERMAN (1887 - 1970)

We couldn't collect a thousand years of our shtetl's history in these pages. We don't know the days of her life, and what was her origin. When did they lay her foundation? And who put in her doors? By contrast, we know the continuance and it's clear to a tear her terrible eradication. So we did the best that we could to make a megillah-like book of everything that we could collect and gather. We were helped mainly by the memories of living natives, but we also melded chapters from writings about her from former generations. So we believe that we were able to embroider on her life-quilt the way she was in her last hundred years.

Her financial picture was not complicated. The shopkeeper and tradesmen comprised a majority. Some shopkeepers had large shops, and some had miniscule shops. Some tradesmen had one or two workers, and some did all the work themselves. The city had tailors, shoemakers, hatters, woodworkers, butchers, and metalworkers. There was a large number of very poor peddlers that went from village to village trying to sell housewares and tools and for that they would either get money or food from the farmers, and that they would sell to the storekeepers, and they would sell it to the bigger towns. Most of the exchange of merchandise was with the city of Smorgone that had real industry in those days. But this financial basis was falling apart, and the natives of the town, especially the young ones, didn't stay and started going into the outside world, first to Smorgone and then farther, to Vilnus and Minsk. Some of them found their way to Dvinsk, and in their travels they arrived to cities outside of the Pale of Settlement, like Riga and Libo. Later on, when poverty spread, the wandering spring found a new path: immigration to America.

Towards the end of the 19th century, many families in Kurenitz prevailed because of the infusion of American dollars. The dollar became a very important element in the economy of the town and America became the land of opportunity for hundreds of families. In the final 20 years of the town, Eretz Yisrael became the harbor and the haven.

The general picture of the shtetl was similar to other shtetls in Eastern Europe and in the Pale of Settlement. Her spiritual life was very special and original. And I hope that the collections here will show us the uniqueness of her profile.

Unlike most shtetls in Lithuania and Belarus, Kurenitz was mainly Hassidic. It had three synagogues and two minyans. And from these, only one synagogue belonged to the "mitnagdim". Spiritually, the town was very blessed. The leaders were noble of spirit and spread their noble spirit on her image. Rabbi Yaakov Landau gives true image to the influence of this unique people. He tells us about the deep effect that the beloved renowned famed genius Rabbi Zishka, and the influence of the articulate and intuitive Rabbi Moshe Leib Landau. From his childhood memoirs of his home, we picture the essence of modesty, excitement of Torah studies and love of humanity.

The town was blessed with a large number of unique teachers. They were not credentialed, (except for the beloved and respected Moreh, Ben-Zion Meirovitz). What they lacked in pedagological methods, they compensated for with their deep desire to awaken their pupils' spirits with love for God, Jews, Zion, and the high ideals of our prophets. The teachers and rabbis spread their deeply spiritual essence on their flock and opened their hearts to experience a spiritual treasure that enabled them to withstand the extreme poverty and the severity of life in the Diaspora and to continue to live as complete Jews. It will be witnessed that despite the enormous new influences of a new country, the ones that left for American could not erase the strong childhood impressions and values that they brought from their homeland. We see this in their stories, especially in the spiritual journey of Rabbi Moshe Laser Kramer.

Came the days that the flame of enlightenment spread around the town. Stronger yet were the effects of the unstoppable radical socialist movement. The firebrands that tried to evoke hate of the tsarist regime did not need to use much persuasion. Their job was done by the evil deeply anti-Semitic authority. But neither the spirit of enlightenment nor the revolution would affect the town's spirit. Externally, things changed, but the deeper essence stayed the same till the arrival of Zionism that let unique new expression and longing surface. New tunes and ideals were heard in the hills and the valleys- Hebrew schools, beloved teachers that only spoke Hebrew, Zionist organizations, like hisdatroot, youth movements, like hachaloot, and hashomer hatzaier. But in some ways it was a new tune for an old song. Old wine in a new bottle...

The size of the population hardly changed. Many immigrated, but new births replenished the departures. Hundreds of families were left prey to the Nazi murderers. Our town collapsed in the bloody battle where the terrorists annihilated millions left and right. Millions of morally and spiritually committed, religiously obedient Jews.

The Jews of Kurenitz were also among the contributors and heroes of the resistance during the dark days of the Holocaust. Their sacrifices and bravery had many faces. Can we forget the teenage girl, Chayalaiy Sesonsky, who while taken to be murdered on the day of the slaughter 9/9/42 scratched the faces of her killers with her tender fingers, and on her grave she cursed them, prophesizing that the sounds of bleeding souls would scream from the earth and the day of revenge would come... Can we forget the courageous actions of the teenage sons of Kurenitz, organizing underground fighting, and connecting with the Russian army? Motik and Ellik Alperovich, Yunkle Alperovich, Yitzhak Einbeinder, Nachoom Alperovich, Zalman Uri Gurevich, Benjamin Shulman, and Zalman Alperovich, amongst others... Will we forget old Leib Motisov, passionately calling Jews to action, warning and prophesizing the bitter end, and on the day of slaughter, jumping into the fire, wearing his talleet, before the killer's bullet would get him? Is it possible to forget the series of tortures of Yisrael Alperovich, the meat vendor that escaped the slaughter to the woods with a few hundred other Kournitzers? Yisrael, a god fearing Jew, ate only potatoes, refusing to compromise the kosher rules, to starvation and death. And what about the torture and killing of Sarl's Faiga Leah? It reminds us of the torture of Hannah. She was caught alive by the enemy while hiding in the woods. She suffered every physical torture but would not give the names of the gentiles that fed them, even denying the words of ones that had already confessed.

All these testaments that tell about the life and the death of the Jews of our town will be printed in this memorial for eternity. But the most shaking testament is the list of the holy martyrs, man and woman, old and babies, slaughtered in the hands of the evil. The voice of their blood rises from the book. Their shouts combine with the shouts of the millions that perished that demand from us: remember what the pharaohs from Ashkenaz did to us.

Books of testament and memoirs are the answer to all those that want to deny our enormous destruction, the mark of shame on the forehead of humanity. By denying it they want to erase the enormous crime, as if the numbers of our slaughtered is only 2 million and not 6, it makes less the crime of humanity that stood there and didn't intervene to save or help. As if the weight of the blood and the number of the victims are the only measures of the collective human order, "do not stand on the blood of your friend."

It's our duty and holy mission to register in all books like this the vastness of our destruction and the huge measure of our slaughtered. It's our responsibility for each victim that didn't get to be brought to Jewish burial and for the whole Jewish nation.

For eternity our nation remembered our martyrs and this helped to us to endure. The memory of this mother of all annihilations that has no brother in our recorded history should be the weapon in our war for the future survival of the nation. And this will support us in the future as it supported us in the past: that our biggest enemy that wanted to annihilate us all did not succeed. The nation of Israel lives and will continue to live. And the high ideals of Isaiah and Micha will endure and their prophecies will come on the judgement day. The enemy wanted to kill our spirit, but they failed and will always fail.

Our little shtetl was killed only physically - she was erased from the maps of the Diaspora but her spiritual contribution will float to the horizon to mix with the rest of Judaism. These pages will bear witness that the spirit of our town did not die, and from her ashes will come life and faith.

From the book Megilat Kurnit. Translated by the Levitan-Gordin family. 6/16/00

KURZENIEC

(IN JEWISH SOURCES KURENITS, KUZNITSE)

A SMALL TOWN IN THE DISTRICT OF MINSK, BELORUSSIA.

UNTIL THE SECOND WORLD WAR THE TOWN WAS IN THE  DISTRICT  OF VILNA, POLAND.

 

KURZENIEC IS SITUATED AT A ROAD JUNCTION AND ON THE  RAILWAY AND IS

SURROUNDED BY FORESTS. BECAUSE OF ITS  SITUATION  THE TOWN SUFFERED FROM

INVASIONS OF FOREIGN ARMIES.

TOMBSTONES IN THE OLD CEMETERY TESTIFY TO THE EXISTENCE OF A JEWISH COMMUNITY

FROM THE BEGINNING OF THE 18TH CENTURY.  IN THE 19TH AND 20TH  CENTURIES  

KURZENIEC  WAS  SURROUNDED  BY SMALL TOWNS HAVING JEWISH COMMUNITIES.

IN A CENSUS TAKEN IN 1867  THERE  WERE  1325  JEWS  AMONG  A POPULATION OF

1955 INHABITANTS OF KURZENIEC.

IN THE SIXTIES OF THE  19TH  CENTURY  KURZENIEC  BECAME  THE SPIRITUAL CENTER

FOR THE SURROUNDING COMMUNITIES, FAMOUS FOR ITS SCHOLARS AND A FOCUS FOR THE

JEWS  OF  LUBAVITZ  IN  THE DISTRICT. MOST OF THE JEWS OF KURZENIEC WERE

HABAD  HASSIDIM AND ON GOOD TERMS WITH THE MITNAGDIM MINORITY IN  THE  TOWN.

RABBI ZALMAN KORNITZER WAS CONSIDERED THE LEADING HASSID  IN TOWN AND JEHUDA

LEIB EPHRON, RABBI  YEHUDA  SUSSMANN,  RABBI YOSEF HALEVI AND THE GAON  RABBI

 ZISCHKE  BELONGED  TO  HIS CIRCLE.

THERE WERE FOUR SYNAGOGUES IN THE TOWN WHICH WERE FILLED  TO CAPACITY ON

SHABBATH AND HOLYDAYS.

AMONG THE RABBIS  OFFICIATING  IN  THE  COMMUNITY  WERE  THE ILLUSTRIOUS

RABBI YAAKOV LANDA, THE RABBI AND GA'ON  ZISCHKE AND RABBI AHARON FELDMANN,

THE LAST RABBI OF THE  COMMUNITY; HE PERISHED IN THE HOLOCAUST.

AMONG THE CHARITABLE  INSTITUTIONS  WERE  GMILUTH  HASSADIM, HACHNASSATH

KALAH, MEOTH HITTIM AND MATAN BASETER.

MOST OF THE  KURZENIEC  JEWS  EARNED  THEIR  LIVING  IN  THE CENTRAL  MARKET  

OF  THE  TOWN,  WHERE  THERE  WERE   JEWISH WORKSHOPS AND SMALL SHOPS. THE

CLIENTS WERE MAINLY  PEASANTS FROM THE SURROUNDING VILLAGES. JEWISH PEDDLARS

ALSO  MADE  A MEAGER LIVING FROM SELLING THEIR WARES AMONG THEM.

THERE WERE ONLY A FEW WELL-TO-DO JEWS IN THE TOWN.  MOST  OF THE JEWS LIVED

IN STRAIGHTENED CIRCUMSTANCES  AND  THEREFORE MANY OF THE YOUNG PEOPLE LEFT

KURZENIEC FOR THE BIG TOWNS OR EVEN FOR THE U.S.A.

AFTER WORLD WAR I, IN 1918-1919 ZIONIST  ACTIVITIES  STARTED IN KURZENIEC.

THE HEBREW SCHOOL "TARBUTH"  WAS  FOUNDED  AND FUNCTIONED TILL THE OUTBREAK

OF THE SECOND WORLD WAR (1939). THE EDUCATIONAL LEVEL OF THE SCHOOL WAS OF

THE HIGHEST ORDER AND ITS LITERARY DISPUTATIONS WERE FAMOUS IN THE VICINITY.

ZION, AND HERUT AND TECHIYA. A BRANCH OF HEHALUTZ WAS OPENED IN 1922, AT THE

TIME WHEN SUCH BRANCHES WERE OPENED ALL OVER THE DISTRICT. THE YOUTH OF

HEHALUTZ WENT TO AN  AGRICULTURAL TRAINING CAMP (HACHSHARA) IN PREPARATION

FOR ALIYAH TO ERETZ ISRAEL AT A FARM CALLED "TRUMPELDORIA" NEAR VILNA. THERE

WAS ALSO A BRANCH OF HASHOMER HATZAIR IN KURZENIEC.

IN 1939 THERE WERE 1,500 JEWS IN KURZENIEC.

 

THE HOLOCAUST PERIOD

FOLLOWING THE RIBBENTROP-MOLOTOV ACCORD, SIGNED  BY  GERMANY AND THE U.S.S.R

IN AUGUST 1939, THE  RED  ARMY  ENTERED  THE DISTRICT IN SEPTEMBER OF THAT

YEAR AND  INSTALLED  A  SOVIET GOVERNMENT THERE.

AFTER THE GERMAN ATTACK ON RUSSIA ON THE 22ND OF  JUNE  1941 AND THE RETREAT

OF THE RED ARMY, PANIC SPREAD AMONG THE JEWS OF KURZENIEC AND THEY TRIED TO

ESCAPE INTO RUSSIA. A FEW  OF THEM SUCCEEDED.

WHEN THE GERMANS ENTERED THE TOWN, SEVERE  LIMITATIONS  WERE IMPOSED UPON THE

JEWS AND THEIR CONDITIONS WORSENED FROM DAY TO DAY. RUMOURS ABOUT KILLINGS IN

THE VILLAGES REACHED  THEM AND THEY FLED INTO THE FORESTS NEARBY AND THERE  

CONSTRUCTED HIDING PLACES.

DURING THE FIRST DAYS OF THE NAZI OCCUPATION AN  UNDERGROUND CELL WAS FORMED

IN KURZENIEC; ITS PURPOSE  WAS  TO  SABOTAGE THE GERMAN ARMY IN ANY POSSIBLE

WAY. MANY OF THE YOUTH  FLED INTO THE FORESTS AND FORMED FIGHTING PARTISAN

GROUPS  THERE. AFTER  THE  WAR  THEY  GAINED  PUBLIC   RECONGNITION,   WERE

MENTIONED HONORABLY AND EVEN DECORATED.

THE JEWISH POPULATION OF KURZENIEC WAS GRADUALLY LIQUIDATED. FROM TIME TO

TIME THE GERMANS EXECUTED SINGLE  JEWS  IN  THE TOWN, BUT ON SIMHAT TORAH

(AUTUMN 1941) THEY KILLED 54  JEWS AND AFTER A SHORT TIME 33 PERSONS AND

LATER STILL 13  -  ALL OF THE JEWISH COMMUNITY.

ON THE 9TH OF SEPTEMBER 1942, THREE DAYS BEORE ROSH HASHANA, THE LOCAL GERMAN

GARRISON CARRIED OUT AN  "AKTION"  (ACT  OF LIQUIDATION); ALL THE REMAINING

JEWS, OLD AND  YOUNG,  WOMEN AND CHILDREN, 1040 IN NUMBER, WERE  KILLED  

INDISCRIMINATELY ON THIS DAY.

BETH HATEFUTSOTH - FAMILY NAMES AND COMMUNITIES DATABASE

The story of Kurenets during the war as told by some locals (non Jews)
By Leonid Smilovitsky. Holocaust in Belorussia, 1941-1944 (Tel Aviv,
2000), pp. 183-184 (Russian).

http://www2.jewishgen.org/Yizkor/belarus/belarus.html
Translated from Russian by Tikhon Bykov
Taken from:

http://216.239.39.104/custom?q=cache:M1kL4HKUcSEJ:www.souz.co.il/clubs/read.html%3Farticle%3D2237%26Club_ID%3D1+Kurzeniec.&hl=en&ie=UTF-8

 
Kurenets (Kuranets, Kurenets, Kurzeniec): the organized Jewish pogroms have begun from autumn of 1941, on October 14th a group of Jews have been accused of sympathy to the Soviet authority. Among 54 people in this group, 20 were children in the age of from 4 till 12 years old. According to witness Simon Rayhel (born 1892), these people " were from a poor class and had received a welfare from the Soviet government ". Jews were given out to the Germans by local residents Roman Savievich, Ivan Sorokvosh, Grigory Bolvak, Vladyha and some other, who were in police service. Arrested people have been shot on Kasutskaya st. Witness Joseph Bekach (born 1917) has added, that the SS command and policemen selected well educated and better qualified people among Jews along with their families, who " stood close to communists ". In February of 1942 a special command under the direction of the chief of prison Yasinsky has arrived to Kurenets. Together with assistant Sharangovich and others (surnames in the document are not named) they have shot 33 Jews. After some time at the same month Kazimir Sokolovsky, Peter Drozdovsky, Peter Glitoft, Nikolay Bliznjuk, Nikolay Yaroshesky under direction of Vileyka's SD chief Egof had arrived from Vileyka. Jews were demanded to hand over valuable things, gold, watches, etc. Not had received anything, this command killed 120 Jews, including children in the age of 1 till 10 years old. At the end of March of 1942 Egof had unexpectedly appeared in Kurenets again and " without any reasons " had shot 6 more Jews who had not time to hide. Basya Zaltsman (born 1889) had added, that at the end of February or at the beginning of March 1942 Germans together with local police form from the Belarus nationalists had shot 17 Jews, 5 from whom were children. They burned 11 houses together with their attachments and also had stolen 408 heads of cattle. The final action had been curried out on September 9th 1942. Large forces of police (up to 400 people) arrived at three o'clock in the morning under the command of SD officer ober-lieutenant Grave from Vileyka. Jews had been gathered on the square under pretend that they would be sent for work. More than half of them were old people and children. Covered motor vehicles transported people to Mjadelskaya st. There all the people were put in a shed and burned, those who tried to run were shot from automatic guns. Together with SD chief Grave, chief of regional police Schiller and chief of a military police ober-lieutenant Voltman an active participation in this action was taken by local policemen. The shed was set on fire by members of the local fire-fighting crew of Kurenets led by Vladimir Birjuk. At the same time the firemen were watching the fire not to spread on other houses. 1052 people died in this fire. The total number of people killed during occupation in Kurenets and surrounding area is 1201. Among them 107 women, 59 children and Soviet war prisoners of all nationalities (the Original of this document is stored in GARF, f. 7021, op. 89, d. 8, ll. 3-76; copies are in Yad Vashem Archive, M-33/1141).
The author's note: Kurenets, a village in Vileysky region of the Minsk area, is located on the river Sang, 7 km from Vileyka. For the first time it is mentioned in 1519, as a place in the Great Princedom Lithuanian. In 1665 it became town. In the beginning of 20th century, it is the center of Vileysky (Vileyka) region of province. In 1947 - 844 Jews, in 1897 - 1613 Jews (at the same time the total population is 1.774 inhabitants). In 1921-1939 it is part of Poland. Since 1939 in BSSR, in prewar years there are 1131 Jews. The German army occupied the Kurenets area from June 25th, 1941 till July 2d 1944. There is a tomb of victims of fascism, a communal grave of the Soviet soldiers and the guerrilla, a monument to participants of a patriotic underground. Any information on Jews as victims of nazi genocide is absent.

Kurenets, Kurzeniec

I recently discovered the Kurenets website and am attaching some pictures you might want to upload. The website is incredible and I have been sharing it on Facebook with all my Alperovich cousins!

1. Huda and Eliyahu Alperovich, my great grandparents. (I am named after Eliyahu.)

2.. The other picture is of their 4 oldest children: the tallest girl is Bunya, my grandmother. The next tallest girl on the left is Shifra, and the smallest girl is Rochel. The boy seated is Yaakov ( Alpert) who wrote the story "Old Images" on your website.

Thank you so much for documenting these beautiful stories and helping to recreate the vibrant community of Kurenets. The website is both heartwarming and heartbreaking.

Eileen Flicker <eileenflicker@yahoo...>
Monroe, New York